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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Giles, H. H.
Commerce and manufactures,   pp. [198]-209 PDF (5.4 MB)

Page 208

to in the foregoing. There are several in Manitowoc county; in Marquette
county, also. In
Washington county, at West Bend, Berlin, and Cedar Creek, there are good
water-powers, partly
utilized. At Whitewater, in Walworth county, is a good power. In Dane county,
there is a
water-power at Madison, at the outlet of Lake Mendota; also, a good one at
Stoughton, below
the first, or Lake Kegonsa; also at Paoli, Bellville, Albany and Brodhead,
on the Sugar river.
In Grant county there are not less than twenty good powers, most of them
well-developed. In
Racine county, three powers of fine capacity at Waterford, Rochester and
Burlington, all of
which'are improved. The Oconto, Peshtigo and Menomonee rivers furnish a large
number of
splendid water-powers of large capacity. The Upper Wolf river has scores
of water-powers on
its main stream and numerous branches; but most of the country is still a
wilderness, though
containing resources which, when developed, will make it rich and prosperous.
There are
numerous other streams of less consequence than those named, but of great
importance to the
localities they severally drain, that have had their powers improved, and
their waterfalls are
sin'ging the songs of commerce. On the rivers emptying into Lake Superior,
there are numerous
and valuable water-powers. The Montreal river falls one thousand feet in
a distance of thirty
     The mechanical and manufacturing industries of Wisconsin demonstrate
that the people do
 not rely wholly upon agricultural pursuits, or lumbering, for subsistence,
but aim to diversify
 their labors as much as possible, and to give encouragement to the skill
and ingenuity of their
 mechanics and artisans. All our cities, and most of our villages, support
establishments that
 furnish wares and implements in common use among the people. We gather from
the census
 report for I87o a few facts that will give us an adequate idea of what was
done in a single year,
 remembering that the data furnished is six years old, and that great advancement
has been made
 since the statistics were gathered. In 1870, there were eighty-two establishments
engaged in
 making agricultural implements, employing 1,387 hands, and turning out products
valued at
 $2,393,40o. There were one hundred and eighty-eight furniture establishments,
employing 1,844
 men, and making $1,542,300 worth of goods. For making carriages and wagons
there were four
 hundred and eighty-five establishments, employing 2,184 men, and their product
was valued at
 $2,596,534; for clothing, two hundred and sixty-three establishments, and
value of product
 $2,340,400; sash, doors and blinds, eighty-one shops, and value of product
$1,852,370; leather,
 eighty-five tanneries, employing 577 men, and value of products '$2,013,000;
malt liquors, one
 hundred and seventy-six breweries, 835 men, and their products valued at
     At many points the business of manufacturing is carried on more or less
indeed, there is hardly a village in the state where capital is not invested
in some kind
of mechanical industry or manufacturing enterprise, and making satisfactory
returns; but for
details in this respect, the reader is referred to the department of local
     The principal commodities only, which Wisconsin contributes to trade
and commerce, have
been considered. There remains quite a number of minor articles from which
the citizens of the
state derive some revenue, such as flax and maple sugar, which can not be
separately considered
in this paper.
                                    CONCLUDING REMARKS.
     Statistics are usually dry reading, but, to one desiring to change his
location and seeking
information fegarding a new country and its capabilities, they become intensely
interesting and
of great value. The farmer wishes to know about the lands, their value and
the productiveness
of the soil ; the mechanic about the workshops, the price of labor, and the
demand for such wares

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