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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Giles, H. H.
Commerce and manufactures,   pp. [198]-209 PDF (5.4 MB)


Page 205


COMMERCE -AND MANUFACTURES.
qualities. The crop of 1872 was of good quality, and the market opened at
forty to fifty-five
cents as the selling price, and fell fifteen to twenty cents before the close
of the year. A much
larger 'quantity was raised than the year previous. 'In 1873 and 1874, the
crop was fair and
prices ruled from thirty-three to forty-five cents, with increased production.
About i8,ooo bales
were reported as being shipped from the different railway stations of the
state. Prices were
extremely irregular during 1875, and, after the new crop reached market,
fell to a point that
would not pay the cost of production. In 1876, prices ruled low at the opening
of the year, and
advanced from five to ten cents in January to twenty-eight to thirty in November.
Over 17,000
bales were received at Milwaukee, over ioooo bales being of the crop of the
previous year.
Over 13,ooo bales were shipped out of the state.
                                           TOBACCO.
     Tobacco raising is comparatively a new industry in Wisconsin, but is
rapidly growing in
importance and magnitude. It sells readily for from four to ten cents per
pound, and the plant
is easily raised. It is not regarded as of superior quality. It first appears
as a commodity of
transportation in the railway reports for the year 1871, when the Prairie
du Chien division
of the St. Paul road moved eastward 1,373,650 pounds. During the four years
ending with
1876, there were shipped from Milwaukee an average of 5,1i8,530 pounds annually,
the  axi-
mum being in 1874, 6,982,175 pounds; the minimum  in 1875, 2,743,854 pounds.
The crop of
1876 escaped the early frosts, and netted the producer from five to seven
cents per pound. The
greatar part of it was shipped to Baltimore and Philadelphia. Comparatively
little of the leaf
raised in the state is used here or by western manufacturers. The crop of
the present year,
1877, is a largeone, and has been secured in good order. Itis being contracted
for at from fourto
six cents per pound.
                                         CRANBERRIES.
     The cranberry trade is yet in its infancy, But little, comparatively,
has been done in devel-
oping the capabilities of the extensive bodies of marsh and swamp lands interspersed
throughout
the northern part of the state. Increased attention is being paid to the
culture of the fruit; yet,
the demand will probably keep ahead of the supply for many years to come.
In 1851, less than
1,5oo barrels*were sent out of the state. In 1872, the year of greatest production,
over 37,000
barrels were exported, and, in 1876, about 17,ooo barrels. The price has
varied in different
years, and taken a range from eight to fifteen dollars a barrel.
                             SPIRITUOUS AND MALT LIQUORS.
     The production of liquors, both spirituous and malt, has kept pace with
the growth of
population and with the other industries of the state. There were in Wisconsin,
in 1872, two
hundred and ninety-two breweries and ten distilleries. In 1876, there were
two hundred and
ninety-three of the former and ten of the latter, and most of them were kept
running to their
full capacity. Milwaukee alone produced, in 1876, 321,6.i barrels of lager
beer and 43,175
barrels of high wines. In i865, it furnished 65,666 barrels of beer, and
in 1870, 1O8,845 barrels.
In 1865, it furnished 3,046 barrels of high wines; in 1870, 22,867 barrels;
and in 1875, 39,005.
A large quantity of the beer made was shipped to eastern and southern cities.
The beer made
in 1876 sold at the rate of ten dollars per barrel, the wholesale price of
the brewers bringing the
sum   of $3,216,11o.   The fame of Milwaukee lager beer is widely extended.
This city has
furnished since 1870, 1,520,308 barrels which, at the wholesale price, brought
$15,203,17o. The
total production of beer by all the two hundred and ninety-three breweries
of the state for 1876,
was 450o,508 barrels.
.205


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