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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Giles, H. H.
Commerce and manufactures,   pp. [198]-209 PDF (5.4 MB)


Page 204


204                              HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
     The following table shows the movement of hog products and beef from
 Milwaukee since
1862
Shipments by Rail
     and Lake.
Totals 1876 .........
  It 1875 .----....
     1874 .........
     1873 .........
  ,,  1872  ---------
  ,,  1871 .---.....
  "C  1870o ---,-----
  "t1869.-.
  It  1868 .----....
  "t  1867 .----....
      1866 .........
      1865 .........
      1864 .........
      1863-        -
      1862 .........
PORK, HAMS, MIDDLES AND SHOULDERS.
Barrels.
  62,461
  56,778
  53,702
  8o,oio
  90,038
  88,940
  77,655
  69,805
  73,526
  88,888
  74,726
  34,013
  67,933
  90,387
  56,432
Tierces.
  15,439
  15,292
  17,124
  24,954
  20,115
  20,192
  15,819
  9,546
  13,146
  11,614
  7,805
  2,713
  5,927
  15,811
  12)685
Boxes.
42,678
28,374
39,572
62,211
39,209
14,938
  5,875
  5,298
  3,239
  4,522
  34,164
  5,000
  11,634
                                              Hops.
     The culture of hops, as an article af commerce, received but little
attention prior to i86o.
 In 1865, 2,864 bales only were shipped from Milwaukee. In addition, a large
amount was used
 by the brewers throughout the state. In i866, the amount exi orted was increased,
and 5,774
 bales were shipped to eastern markets. The price, from forty-five to fifty-five
cents per pound,
 stimulated production, and the article became one of the staple products
of the counties of Sauk,
 Columbia, Adams and Juneau, besides being largely cultivated in parts of
some other counties.
 In 1867, 26,562 bales were received at Milwaukee, and the prices ranged
from fifty to seventy cents
 per pound. The estimated crop of the state for 1867 was 35,ooo bales, and
brought over
 $4,200,000. In i868, not less than 6o,ooo bales were grown in the state.
The crop everywhere
 was a large one, and in Wisconsin so very large that an over-supply was
anticipated. But few,
 however, were prepared for the decline in prices, that far exceeded the
worst apprehensions of
 those interested. The first sales were made at twenty-five to thirty-five
cents per pound, and the
 prices were reluctantly accepted by the growers. The price continued to
decline until the article
 was unsalable and unavailable in the market. Probably the average price
did not exceed ten
 cents per pound. Notwithstanding the severe check which hop'growing received
in i868, by the
unprofitable result, growers were not discouraged, and the crop of 1869 was
a large one. So
much of the crop of i868 remained in the hands of the growers, that it is
impossible to estimate
that of 1869. The new crop sold for from ten to fifteen cents, and the old
for from three to five cents
per pound. Hop-cultivation received a check from over-production in i868,
from which it did not
soon recover. A large proportion of the yards were plowed under in 187o.
The crop of 1869
was much of it marketed during 1870,'at a price of about two and one-half
to three and one-
half cents per pound, while thatý of 187o brought ten to twelve and
a half cents. During
the year 1871, a great advance in the price, caused by the partial failure
of the crop
in some of the eastern states, and the decrease in price causing a decrease
in production,
what was left over of the crop of 187o more than'doubled in value before
the new reached the'
market. The latter opened at thirty cents, and steadily rose to fifty and
fifty-five for prime
LARD.
BEEF.
Bulk, lbs.
5,123,818
2,736,778
1,494,1I2
1,915,61o
4,557,950
5,161,941
4,717,630
2,325,150
1,768,I9O
  454,786
  863,746
Barrels.
   3,3O1
   6oi
   9,11o
   4,065
   6,276
   3,932
   2,535
   II8O
   3,637
   2,523
   3,287
   1,929
   5,677
 10,987
 13,538
Tierces.
  21,356
  18,950
  18,509
  24,399
  27,765
  19,746
  10,950
  8,568
  5,055
  8,820
  6,292
  2,487
  7,207
  10,546-
  6,761
Barrels.
   7,333
   4,734
   5,015
   5,365
   4,757
   3,892
   4,427
   7,538
   IO,150
   18,984
   11,852
 10,427
 36 866
 42,987
 33,J74
Tierces.
   3,439
   421
   707
   462
   1,500
   i,6o6
   925
   2,185
   2,221
   6,804
   4,584
   5,528
   5,871
   6,377
   3,217


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