The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
Hoy, P. R.
Trees, shrubs and vines, pp. 128-134 PDF (3.1 MB)
'IREES, SHRUBS AND VIN-ES. little value The balsam of fir, or Canadian balsam, is obtained from this tree. DOUBLE SPRUCE-A. NVigra.--This grows in the same localities with the balsam fir, and assumes the same pyramidal form, but is considerably larger. The wood is light and possesses considerable strength and elasticity, which renders it one of the best materials for yard's and top- masts for shipping. It is extensively cultivated for ornament. HEMLOCK-A. Cahadensis.-The hemlock is the largest of the genus. It is gracefully orna- mental, 'but the wood is of little value. The baik is extensively employed in tanning. TAMARACK--LariX Americana.-This beautiful tree grows abundantly in swampy situations throughout the state. It is not quite an evergreen It drops its leaves in winter, but quickly recovers them in early spring. The wood is remarkably durable and valuable for a variety of uses. The tree grows rapidly, and can be successfully cultivated in peaty situations, where other trees would not thrive. ARBOR VITYE-Th-Ja Occidentalis.-This tree is called the white or flat cedar. It grows abundantly in many parts of the state. The wood is durable, furnishing better fence posts than any other tree, excepting the red cedar. Shingles and staves of a superior quality are obtained from these trees. A beautiful evergreen hedge is made from the young plants, which bear trans- planting better than most evergreens. It will grow on most soils if sufficiently damp. RED CEDAR--yrunperus Virginiana. - Is a well known tree that farnishes those celebrated fence posts that " last forever." The wood is highly fpragrant, of a rich red color, and fine grained ; hence it is valuable for a variety of uses. It should be extensively cultivated. DWARF JUNIPER-f. Sabina. -This is a low trailing shrub. Is conside-ably prized for ornament. Especially worthy of cultivation in large grounds. SASSAFRAS-- Sassafras officinale.- Is a small tree of fine appearance, with fragrant leaves bark. Grows in Kenosha county. Should be cultivated. WILLOWS.--There are many species of willows growing in every part of the state, several of which are worthy of cultivation near streams and ponds. WHITE WILLOW--Salix alba.--Is a fine tree, often reaching sixty feet in height. The wood is soft, and makes the best charcoal for the manufacture of gun-powder. Grows rapidly. BLACK WILLOW - S. Nzigra.-- This is also a fine tree, but not quite so large as the foregoing. It is used for similar purposes. There are many shrubs and vines indigenous to the state worthy of note. I shall, however, call attention to only a few of the best. DoGwooDs. - There are several species found in our forests and thickets. All are ornamen- tal when covered with a profusion of white blossoms. I would especially recommend: corus sericea, C. stolonifera, C. paniculata, and C. alternifolia. All these will repay the labor of trans- planting to ornamental grounds. VIBURNUMS.--These are very beautiful. We have viburnum len/ago, V. prunifolium, V. nudum, V. den/atum, V. pubescens, V. acerzfolium, V. pauciflorum, and V. opulus. The last is known as the cranberry tree, and is a most beautiful shrub when in bloom, and also when covered with its red, acid fruit. The common snow-ball tree is a cultivated variety of the V. opulus. WITCH HAZEL--Hamamelis Virginica. --Is an interesting, tall shrub that flowers late in autumn, when the leaves are falling, and matures the fruit the next summer. It deserves more attention than it receives. BURNING BUSH- Euonymus alropurpureus. - This fine shrub is called the American straw- berry, and is exceedingly beautiful when covered with its load of crimson fruit, which remains during winter. 133.
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