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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 109

,end of the term of the justice of the said court then last to expire. And
thereafter the chief
justices and associate justices of said court shall be elected and hold their
offices respectively
for the term of ten years." The second one amends section two of article
eight; so that, here-
after, " no money shall be paid out of the treasury except in pursuance
of an appropriation by
law. No appropriation shall be made for the payment of any claim against
the State, except
-claims of the United States, and judgments, unless filed within six years
after theclaim accrued."
     The year 1877, in Wisconsin, was notable for excellent crops. A depression
in monetary
 matters continued, it is true, but not without 'a reasonable prospect of
a change for the better
 within the near future.
     At noon, on Monday, January 7, 1878, began the sixteenth administration
of Wisconsin, by
the inauguration of the State officers elect. On the 9th of the same month,
commenced the
thirty-first regular session of the Legislature. A. R. Barrows was elected
Speaker of the Assembly.
On the day following, Governor Smith delivered his message-a calm, business-like
the Legislature. Both Houses adjourned sine die on the 21st of March following.
On the ist day
of April, Harlow S. Orton and David Taylor were elected Associate Justices
of the Supreme Court;
the term of the first named to expire on the first Monday of January, 1888
; that of the last men-
tioned, on the first Monday of January, i886. In obedience to a proclamation
of the Governor,
the Legislature convened on the 4th day of June, A. D. 1878, in extra session,
to revise the statutes,
A. R. Barrows was elected Speaker of the Assembly. The Legislature adjourned
sine die on the
7th of the same-month. In November following, the members chosen to the Forty-sixth
were C. G. Williams, in the First District; L. B. Caswell, in the Second;
George C. Hazelton, in
the Third; P, V. Deuster, in the Fourth; E. S. Bragg, in the Fifth; Gabriel
Bouck, in the Sixth;
H. L. Humphrey, in the Seventh; and T. C. Pound, in the Eighth. The thirty-second
session of the Legislature commenced on the 8th day of January, 1879. D.
M. Kelly was elected
Speaker of the Assembly; the next day, the message of the Governor-a brief,
but able State
paper-was delivered to both Houses. On the 21st, Matthew H. Carpenter was
elected United
States Senator for six years, from the 4th of March thereafter, in place
of Timothy 0. Howe.
The Legislature adjourned sine die on the 5th of March, 1879. On the ist
day of April following,
Orsamus Cole was elected Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, for a term
of ten years.
     Wisconsin has many attractive features. It is a healthy, fertile, well-watered
and well-wooded
 State. Every where within its borders the rights of each citizen are held
sacred. Intelligence and
 education are prominent characteristics of its people. All the necessaries
and many of the comforts
 .and luxuries of life are easily to be obtained. Agriculture, the chief
source of wealth to so many
 nations, is here conducted with profit and success. Generally speaking,
the farmer owns the
 land he cultivates. Here, the laboring man, if honest and industrious, is
mo3t certain to secure
 a conmpetence for himself and family. Few States have made more ample provisions
for the
 unfortunate-the deaf and dumb, the blind, and the insane-than has Wisconsin.
Nor has she
 been less interested in her reformatory and penal institutions. In her educational
facilities, she
 already rivals the most advanced of her sister States. Her markets are easily
reached by rail-
 ways and water-navigation, so that the products of the country find ready
sale. Her commerce
 is extensive; bier manufactures remunerative; her natural resources great
and manifold. In
 morality and religion, her standard is high. Her laws are lenient, but not
lax, securing the
 .greatest good to those who are disposed to live up to their requirements.
Wisconsin has, in
fact, all the essential elements of prosperity and good government. Exalted
and noble, there-
fore, must be her future career.

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