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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 108


108
HISTORY OF, WISCONSIN.
Grant, Iowa, La Fayette, Richland, and Crawford; sixth circuit, Clark, Jackson,
Monroe, La
Crosse, and Vernon; seventh circuit, Portage, Marathon, Waupaca, Wood, Waushara,
Lincoln,
and Taylor; eighth circuit, Dunn, Pepin, Pierce, and St. Croix; ninth circuit,
Adams, Columbia,
Dane, Juneau, Sauk and Marquette; tenth circuit, Outagamie, Oconto, Shawano,
Door, and
Brown" eleventh circuit, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Burnett, Chippewa,
Douglas, and Polk;
twelfth circuit, Rock, Green, and Jefferson; and the thirteenth circuit,
Buffalo, Eau Claire, and
Trempeleau, Marinette and New are now in the tenth; Price is in the seventh
circuit.
      The thirtieth regular session of the legislature of Wisconsin commenced,
pursuant to law,
 on the ioth of January, 1877. The republicans had working majorities in
both houses. J. B.
 Cassoday was elected Speaker of the Assembly. Governor Ludington delivered
his message to
 the joint convention of the legislature the following day. "We should
not seek," said he, in
 his concluding remarks, " to conceal from ourselves the fact that the
prosperity which our people
 have enjoyed for a number of years past, has suffered some interruption.
Agriculture has ren-
 dered less return; labor in all departments has been less productive, and
trade has consequently
 been less active, and has realized a reduced pzrcentage of profit."
"These adverse circum-
 stances," continued the governor, "will not be wholly a misfortune
if we heed the lesson that
 they convey. This lesson is the necessity of strict economy in public and
private affairs. We
 have been living upon a false basis; and the time has now come when we must
return to a solid
 foundation."  The legislature adjourned sine die on the 8th of March,
after a session of fifty-
 eight days, passing three hundred and one acts-one hundred and thirteen
less than at the
 session of 1876   The most important of these, as claimed by the'dominant
party which passed
 it, is one for the maintenance of the purity of the ballot box, known as
the " Registry Law."  On
 the 3d day of April, at the regular Spring election, William P. Lyon was
re-elected, without
 opposition, an associate justice of the supreme court for six years from
the first Monday in
 January, 1878, his term of office expiring on the first Monday of January,
1884.,
     Under a law of 1876, to provide for the revision of, the statutes of
the State, the justices of
 the supreme court were authorized to appoint three revisors. The persons
receiving the appoint-
 ment were David Taylor, William F. Vilas and J. P. C. Cottrill. By an amendatory
law of i877,
 for the purpose of having the revision completed for the session of 1878,
the justices of the
 supreme court were authorized to appoint two additional revisors, and assign
them special duties
 on the commission. H. S. Orton was appointed to revise the criminal law
and proceedings, and
 J. H. Carpenter to revise the probate laws.
     Governor Ludington declined being a candidate for renomination. His
administration was
 characterized as one of practical efficiency. As the chief executive officer
of Wisconsin, he kept
 in view the best interests of the State. In matters coming under his control,
a rigid system of
 economy prevailed.
     There were three tickets in the field presented to the electors of Wisconsin
for their suffrages
at the general election held on the sixth of November, 1877: republican,
democratic, and the
t4 greenback" ticket. The republicans were successful, electing William
 E. Smith, governor;
James M. Bingham, lieutenant governor; Hans B. Warner, secretary of state;
Richard Guenther,
treasurer; Alexander Wilson, attorney general; and William C. Whitford, state
superintendent
of public instruction. At the same election two amendments to the constitution
of the State
were voted upon and both adopted. 'The first one amends section four of article
seven; so that,
hereafter, " the supreme court shall consist of one chief justice and
four associate justices, to be
elected by the qualified electors of the State. The legislature shall, at
its first session after the
adoption of this amendment, provide by law for the election of two associa-e
justices of said
court, to hold their Offices respectively for terms ending two and four years,
respectively after the


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