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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 102

annual tax sufficient to pay the interest on such debt as it falls due, and
also to pay and discharge
the principal thereof within twenty years from the time of contracting the
      In 18,72, the first appropriation for fish culture in Wisconsin was
made by the legislature,.
 subject to the direction of the United States commissioner of fisheries.
In 1874, a further sum
 was appropriated, and the governor of the State authorized to appoint three
 whose duties were, upon receiving any spawn or fish, by or through the United
States commis-
 sioner of fish and fisheries, to immediately place such spawn in the care
of responsible pisci-
 culturists of ,the State, to be hatched and distributed in the different
waters in and surrounding
 Wisconsin. Two more members have since been added by law to the commission;
their labors
 have been much extended, and liberal appropriations made to further the
object they have in
 view-with flattering prospects of their finally being able to stock the
streams and lakes of the
 State with the best varieties of food fish.
     The year 1874, in Wisconsin, was characterized as one of general prosperity
among farmers,
 excepting the growers of wheat. The crop of that cereal was light, and,
in places, entirely
 destroyed by the chinch-bug. As a consequence, considerable depression existed
in business in
 the wheat-growing districts. Trade and commerce continued throughout the
year at a low ebb,
 the direct result of the monetary crisis of 1873.
     The legislature commenced its twenty-eighth regular session on the thirteenth
of January,
 1875, with a republican majority in both houses.  F. W. Horn was elected
speaker of the
 assembly. The governor delivered his message in person, on the fourteenth,
to the two houses.
 " Thanking God for all His mercies," are his opening words, "
I congratulate you that order and
 peace reign throughout the length and breadth of our State. Our material
prosperity has not
 fulfilled our anticipations. But let us remember that we bear no burden
of financial depression
 not common to all the States, and that the penalties of folly are the foundation
of wisdom." In
 regard to the "Potter Law," the governor said, "It is not
my opinion that this law expressed the
 best judgment of the legislature which enacted it. While the general principles
upon which it
 is founded command our unqualified approbation, and can never be surrendered,
it must be
 conceded that the law is defective in some of its details......The great
object sought to be
 accomplished by our people," continued the speaker, "is not the
management of railroad property
 by themselves, but to prevent its mismanagement by others." Concerning
the charge that
 Wisconsin was warring upon railways within her limits, the governor added,
"She has never
 proposed such a war. She proposes none now. She asks only honesty, justice
and the peace of
 mutual good will. To all men concerned, her people say in sincerity and
in truth that every
 dollar invested in our State shall be lawfully entitled to its just protection,
whencesoever the
 danger comes. In demanding justice for all, the State will deny justice
to none. In forbidding
 mismanagement, the State will impose no restraints upon any management that
is honest and
 just. In this, the moral and hereditary instincts of our people furnish
a stronger bond of good
 faith than the judgments of courts or the obligations of paper constitutions.
Honest capital
 may be timid and easily frightened; yet it is more certain to seek investment
among a people
 whose laws are at all times a shield for the weak and a reliance for the
strong -where the
 wholesome restraints of judicious legislation are felt alike by the exalted
and the humble, the
 rich and the poor."
     The first important business to be transacted by this legislature was
the election of a United
States senator, as the term for which M. H_ Carpenter had been elected would
expire on the
fourth of March ensuing. Much interest was manifested in the matter, not
only in the two
houses, but throughout the State. There was an especial reason for this;
for, although the then

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