The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state, pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)
WISCONSIN AS A STATE. or insurrection, or to repel inva ion within the United States,' and I was authorized, and it was. made my duty, to take such measures as, in my judgment, should provide in the speediest and most efficient manner for responding to such call: and to this'end I was authorized to accept the services of volunteers for active service, to be enrolled in companies of not less than seventy-five men each, rank and file, and in regiments of ten companies each. I was also authorized to provide for uniforming and equipping such companies as were not provided with uniforms and equipments." " The first call of the president for imme~diate active service," con- tinued the governor, "was for one regiment of men. My proclamation, issued immediately after the pas-sage of the act of the legislature, was answered within less than ten days, by companies enough, each containing the requisite number of men, to make up at least five regiments instead of o.e. I then issued another proclamation, announcing the offers that had been made, and advising that thereafter companies might be enrolled to stand as minute men, ready to answer further calls, as they might be made, but without expense to the State, except as they were mustered into service. In less than one month from the date of my first proclamation, at least five thou- sand men, either as individuals or enrolled companies, have offered their services for the war, and all appear anxious for active service in the field." " The time for deliberation," concludes the governor, " must give way to the time for action. The constitution of the United States. must be sustained in all its first intent and wholeness. The right of the people of every State to go into every other State and engage in any lawful pursuit, without unlawful interference or molestation; the freedom of speech and of the press; the right of trial by jury; security fronr unjustifiable seizure of persons or papers, and all constitutional privileges and immunities, must receive new guarantees of safety." The extra session of the legislature passed, wtih a single exception, no acts except such as, appertained to the military exigencies of the times. Both houses adjourned sinee die on the twenty-seventh of May, 186r. As the administration of Governor Randall would close with the year, and as he was not a candidate for re-election, there was much interest felt throughout the State as to who his successor should be. Three State tickets were put in nomination: union, republican, and democratic. The*republican ticket was successful, electing Louis P. Harvey, governor; Edward Salomon, lieutenant governor; James T. Lewis, secretary of state; S. D_ Hastings, state treasurer; James H. Howe, attorney general; W. H. Ramsey, bank comp- troller; J. L. Pickard, superintendent of public instruction; and A. P. Hodges, state prisoni commissioner. THE WAR OF SECESSION LAST YEAR OF RANDALL'S, ADMINISTRATION. When Wisconsin was first called upon to aid the General Government in its efforts to,. sustain itself against the designs of the secession conspirators, the commercial affairs of the State were embarrassed to a considerable degree by the depreciation of the currency. The- designs of the secessionists were so far developed at the ending of the year i86o as to show that resistance to the national authority had been fully determined on. It is not a matter of wonder,,, then, that Governor Randall in his message to the legislature, early in January, i861, shoulek have set forth the dangers which threatened the Union, or should have denied the right of a. State to secede from it. "Secession," said-he, "is revolution; revolution is war; war against the government of the United States is treason." "It is time," he continued, "now, to know whether we have any government, and if so, whether it has any strength. Is our written-,- constitution more than a sheet of parchment? The nation must be lost or preserved by its own, strength. Its strength is in the patriotism of the people. It is time now that politicians became Datriots; that men show their love of country by every sacrifice, but that of principle, and by
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