University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The State of Wisconsin Collection

Page View

The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)

Page 62

Justice Crawford, for two years; Chief Justice Whiton, for four years, Associate
Justice Smith
for six years as previously mentioned. The first (June) term was held at
Madison. La Fayette
Kellogg was appointed and qualified as clerk. On the 21st of September, Timothy
Burns, lieu-
tenant governor of Wisconsin, died at La Crosse. As a testimonial of respect
for the deceased
the several State departments, in accordance with a proclamation of the governor,
were closed
for one day-October 3, 1853. In the Fall of this year, democrats, whigs and
free-soilers, each
called a convention to nominate candidates for the various State offices
to be supported by them
at the'ensuing election in November. The successful ticket was, for governor,
William A. Bars-
tow; for lieutenant governor, James T. Lewis, for secretary of State, Alexander
T. Gray,   for
State treasurer, Edward H. Janssen; for attorney general, George B. Smith;
for superintendent
of public instruction, Hiram A. Wright; for State prison commissioner, A.
W. Starks; and
for bank comptroller, William M. Dennis. They were all democrats.
     The year 1853 was, to the agriculturists of the State, one of prosperity.
Every branch of
industry prospered. The increase of commerce and manufactures more than realized
the expec-
tations of the most sanguine.
     On Monday, the second of January, 1854, William A. Barstow took the
oath of office as
governor of Wisconsin.
     The legislature commenced its seventh regular session on the eleventh
of January. Fred-
erick W. Horn was elected speaker of the assembly. Both houses were democratic.
legislature adjourned on the 3d of April following, after a session of eighty-three
     In the early part of March, a fugitive slave case greatly excited the
people of Wisconsin.
A slave named Joshua Glover, belonging to B. S. Garland of Missouri, had
escaped from his
master and made his way to the vicinity of Racine. Garland, learning the
whereabouts of his
personal chattel, came to the State, obtained, on the 9th of March, 1854,
from the judges of the
district court of the United States for the district of Wisconsin, a warrant
for the apprehension
of Glover, which was put into the hands of the deputy marshal of the United
States. Glover
was secured and lodged in jail in Milwaukee. A number of persons afterward
assembled and
rescued the fugitive. Among those who took an active part in this proceeding
was Sherman M.
Booth, who was arrested therefor and committed by a United States commissioner,
but was
released from custody by Abram D. Smith, one of the associate justices of
the supreme court
of Wisconsin, upon a writ of habeas corpus. The record of the proceedings
was thereupon
taken to that court in full bench by a writ of certiorari to correct any
error that might have been
committed before the associate justice. At the June term, 1854, the justices
held that Booth
was entitled to be discharged, because the commitment set forth no cause
for detention.
     Booth was afterward indicted in the United States district court and
a warrant issued for
his arrest. He was again imprisoned; and again he applied to the supreme
court- then, in
term time-for a writ of habeas corpus. This was in July, 1854. In his petition
to the supreme
court, Booth set forth that he was in confinement upon a warrant issued by
the district court of
the United States and that the object of the imprisonment was to compel him
to answer an
indictment then pending against him therein. The supreme court of the State
held that these
facts showed that the district court of the United States had obtained jurisdiction
of the case
and that it was apparent that the indictment was for an offense of which
the federal courts had
exclusive jurisdiction. They could not therefore interfere; and his application
for a discharge
was denied.
     Upon the indictment, Booth Was tried and convicted, fined and imprisoned,
for a violation.
 of th- fugitive slave law. Again the prisoner applied to the supreme court
of Wisconsin,--his

Go up to Top of Page