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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 56


HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
resignation of his office, thus leaving the fractional Territory unrepresented.
Thereupon John
Catlin, secretary of the Territory of Wisconsin as a whole, and now claiming,
by virtue of that
office, to be acting governor of the fractioiral part, issued a proclamation
as such officer for an
election on the thirtieth of October, 1848, of a delegate in congress. Nearly
four hundred votes
were polled in the district, showing "Wisconsin Territory" still
to have a population of not less
than two thousand. H. H. Sibley was elected to that office. On the fifteenth
of January, 1849,
he Was admitted to a seat as "delegate from Wisconsin Territory."
This hastened the formation
of the Territory of Minnesota-a bill for that purpose having become a law
on the third of
March, when " Wisconsin Territory" ceased finally to exist, being
included in the new Territory.
      The year 1848-the first year of the existence of Wisconsin as a State-was
one of general
 prosperity to its rapidly increasing population. The National Government
effected a treaty with
 -the Menomoneee Indians, by which their title was extinguished to the country
north of the Fox
 ,river of Green bay, embracing all their lands in the State. This was an
important acquisition,
 ,as it opened a large tract of country to civilization and settlement, which
had been for a consid-
 ,erable time greatly desired by the people. The State government at the
close of the year hac
 been in existence long enough to demonstrate its successful operation. The
electric telegraph
 -had already reached the capital; and Wisconsin entered its second year
upon a flood tide of
 prosperity.
      Under the constitfltion, the circuit judges were also judges of the
supreme court. An act
 ,of the legislature, approved June 29, 1848, providing for the election
of judges, and for the
 -classification and organization of the judiciary of the State, authorized
the election, by the judges,
 ,of one of their number as chief justice. Judge Alexander W. Stow was chosen
to that office,
 ,and, as chief justice, held, in conjunction with Associate Judges Whiton,
Jackson, Larrabee, and
 Hubbell, the first session of the supreme court at Madison, commencing on
the eighth day of
 January, 1849.
     The second session of the State legislature commenced, according to
law, on the tenth of
 January, 1849, Harrison C. Hobart being elected speaker of the assembly.
Governor Dewey, in
 his message, sent to both houses on the i ith, referred to the rapidly increasing
population of the
 State, and the indomitable energy displayed in the development of its productive
capacity. He
 recommended the sale of the university lands on a long credit, the erection
of a State prison,
 and the modification of certain laws. On the seventeenth of January, the
two houses met in
 joint convention to elect an United States senator in place of Isaac P Walker,
who had drawn
 the short term. The democrats had a small majority on joint ballot. Walker
was re-elected;
 this time, for a full term of six years, from the 4th of March, 1849. The
legislature at this
 session passed many acts of public utility; some relating to the boundaries
of counties; others,
 to the laying out of roads; eighteen, to the organization of towns. The
courts were cared for;
 school districts were organized; special tax,- were authorized, and an act
passed relative to the
 -sale and superintendence of the school and university lands, prescribing
the powers and duties
 ,of the commissioners who were to have charge of the same. These commissioners,
consisting
 ,of the secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general, were
not only put in charge
 ,of the school and university lands held by the State, but also of funds
arising from the sale of
 them. This law has been many times amended and portions of it repealed.
The lands at
 present subject to sale are classified as school lands, university lands,
agricultural college lands,
 Marathon county lands, normal school lands, and drainage lands, and are
subject to sale at
 private entry on termsI fixed by law. Regulations concerning the apportionment
and investment
 of trust funds are made by the commissioners in pursuance of law. All lands
now the property
of the State subject to sale, or that have been State lands and sold, were
derived from the Gen-


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