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Hartwig, Theodore E. F. / Letters, 1846 and 1851 [Transcriptions]
Call Number, SC 167 ([unpublished])

Cedarburg, Washington County (Wis)/ November 21, 1851,   pp. [1]-7 PDF (2.4 MB)

Page 3

the deck and dislocated the upper joint of his left femur.   He 
was carried to the cabin and with the help of the sailors I was
 able to set it quickly.   After sixteen or seventeen days he was
 again in the mast.    Thereby I became acquainted with the captain, 
who said he would arrange for me to sleep in the cabin.  However,
I knew that every berth was taken and slept with the helmsmen. They 
had alternate four hour duty and so I changed berths every four
 hours.  The second helmsman, a Frankfurther, became much attached
to me, provided as much wine and beer as possible and so I had to 
go into the steerage only when someone there was ill, and then 
always brought back a large portion of lice.   Aside from the capture of
several porpoises, which tasted very good when prepared
as beefsteak, and then a shark ten and one-half feet in length,
nothing occurred that was worth mentioning.
 On the fifty-second day at five o'clock in the morning, we 
had our first glimpse of the American coast, beautifully illuminated 
by the rising sun.    There is probably nothing finer than the ride 
into New York Bay, however, one's appreciation is perhaps due
to the sight of land which has been so long denied.  The entrance 
to the Bay is quite narrow; about one quarter of an hour wide.  On
both sides fortifications with their cannon look down on one from
 well-wooded cliffs.    Beyond these the Bay widens gradually and is 
surrounded by the most magnificent country homes and gardens.   The 
farther one goes, the wider grows the Bay, and offers ever new and
changing splendors; directly ahead one sees the city of New York
which extends into the Bay in the form of a triangle, with its 
many towers and churches surrounded by a forest of masts from which 
fly the flags of all nations in every imaginable color.   We anchored on
the north side of the city and went into the city as quickly as

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