Broehm, Barbara / World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth
World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth, pp. -30
Broehm 28 A 1943-high school junior recalls the strenuous physical education classes. "I thought I was a strong, healthy farm kid, but after PE class I was always sore. I guess I was using different muscles. Anyway, I hated that class!"107 Art comments that he was in good physical condition in high school. He'played football and participated in track, and liked the new emphasis on physical education. He said, "I enlisted when I was seventeen. Guys wanted to go to war... we were true 'red, white, and blue'..."'0' In Lincoln's 1943 graduation class, "out of 430 students, 45 were in the service by the time we graduated," recalls a 1943 graduate. "These boys received their diplomas either by mail or their mothers came and got them for them." She explains, "If the guys went in the military, they got their diploma if they completed their course requirements or not. Some of them went in right after the first semester. They were so anxious to go at that time. Big thing.. .travel and excitement." For some of them it was a little too exciting." 109 However, things were not always exciting for Manitowoc during the war. The Manitowoc Defense Council notified Colonial George Howill, Wisconsin Council of Defense, that Manitowoc was feeling the pressure of the war. Due to the large number of people coming to Manitowoc for employment, the city struggled with juvenile delinquency, housing, transportation, and welfare problems."l0 107 Karl Kappehlan, interview by Barbara Broehm. 10 Arthur Nickels, interview by Barbara Broehm. 109 Marge Miley, interview by Steve Kolman, 4. 110 Citizen Service Corps: Reports [1943-1944] in Wisconsin State Council of Defense, Box 1, Folder 2, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Area Research Center, 2.
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