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Broehm, Barbara / World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth
(December 2000)

World War II through the eyes of Manitowoc's homefront youth,   pp. [1]-30


Page 28

Broehm 28 
A 1943-high school junior recalls the strenuous physical education classes.
"I 
thought I was a strong, healthy farm kid, but after PE class I was always
sore. I guess I 
was using different muscles. Anyway, I hated that class!"107 Art comments
that he was 
in good physical condition in high school. He'played football and participated
in track, 
and liked the new emphasis on physical education. He said, "I enlisted
when I was 
seventeen. Guys wanted to go to war... we were true 'red, white, and blue'..."'0'
In Lincoln's 1943 graduation class, "out of 430 students, 45 were in
the service by 
the time we graduated," recalls a 1943 graduate. "These boys received
their diplomas 
either by mail or their mothers came and got them for them." She explains,
"If the guys 
went in the military, they got their diploma if they completed their course
requirements 
or not. Some of them went in right after the first semester. They were so
anxious to go 
at that time. Big thing.. .travel and excitement." For some of them
it was a little too 
exciting." 109 
However, things were not always exciting for Manitowoc during the war. The
Manitowoc Defense Council notified Colonial George Howill, Wisconsin Council
of 
Defense, that Manitowoc was feeling the pressure of the war. Due to the large
number of 
people coming to Manitowoc for employment, the city struggled with juvenile
delinquency, housing, transportation, and welfare problems."l0 
107 Karl Kappehlan, interview by Barbara Broehm. 
10  Arthur Nickels, interview by Barbara Broehm. 
109 Marge Miley, interview by Steve Kolman, 4. 
110 Citizen Service Corps: Reports [1943-1944] in Wisconsin State Council
of Defense, Box 1, 
Folder 2, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Area Research Center, 2. 


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