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Trenk, Fred B. (Fred Benjamin), 1900- / Forest planting handbook

The best plantation for local conditions,   pp. 17-28 PDF (3.2 MB)

Page 17

           The Best Plantation for Local Conditions
   General information on planting methods and choice of trees is not
 sufficient, because there are extremely different planting conditions in
 various sections of Wisconsin, and each presents a different problem.
 Therefore, more specific suggestions are made for planting under
 these various conditions, and anyone intending to plant trees should
 refer to the particular local condition described in this section which
 most nearly applies to his planting area.
   They are described under ten headings, as follows:
           Drifting and river bottom sands,
           Decomposed sandstone and the sand plains,
           Limestone and kettle moraines,
           Limestone talus slopes,
           Eroding unglaciated soils,
           Burned -over, non-plowable lands,
           Undei-planting in the farm wood lot,
           Under-planting of white birch-aspen lands,
           Planting in old fields,
   Each of these will be discussed with reference to
     1. Future timber products or primary objective of the plantation
     2. Choice of trees
     3. Special changes in planting methods if any
     4. Spacing of trees.
Drifting and River Bottom Sands
  Drifting sand areas are not extensive anywhere in the state. How-
ever, there are numerous farms, principally along the Wisconsin and
Black rivers and in the sand plains region of the state, where severe
sand -drifting makes extensive areas valueless. Holding soil rather
than producing timber products is the primary objective for planting
trees under these conditions. Jack pine is apparently the most desir-
able tree for such very sandy conditions, because it makes a fairly
rapid growth, thus breaking the force of the wind and reducing the
amount- of sand-blowing. Soon after planting, jack pine also develops
an extensive network of surface feeding roots, which further help to
anchor the soil. Where there is a moderate amount of fertility in the
soil, Norway pine and Scotch pine may be used in mixture with the
jack pine.
  Plowing furrows on blow or drifting sands is not desirable, and tree
planting should never be started in the heart of the blow area. The
plantation should be started on the windward side of the blow area
In many cases three or four rows of trees on the windward side will
be ambfient to start a small windbreak, which in turn will create an

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