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Trenk, Fred B. (Fred Benjamin), 1900- / Forest planting handbook

Planting methods and equipment,   pp. 7-13 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 11

Planting Tools and Equipment
  A team of horses and a moderately heavy plow are satisfactory for
furrowing. The equipment needed for planting the trees is: a bucket
for transporting the trees from the heeling-in place to the planting
crews; a heavy straight-bitted spade or planting spud for light soil; a
grubhoe for heavy and stony soil. Water sufficiently deep to cover the
roots should be kept in the buckets used to carry the trees.
Organizing the Planting Crew
  The standard one-man crew employed on large operations may be
found equally efficient in small plantations, but where the soil is
heavy or stony, a two-man crew is advisable. One man should pre-
pare the holes, while the second sets and plants the tree. For every
    Forest planting demonstration conducted by county agent. Plant-
  ing by two man crews with an extra man carrying seedlings.
three to five crews, there should be one man or boy to carry the trees.
When 10 or more men are engaged in planting, it is advisable to have
a crew foreman. Since planting crews may become careless in their
'work, a constant check on the care with which trees are planted is
obviously a part of the foreman's job.
  After furrowing or scalping, one member of the 'crew opens the
planting hole with the spade or grubhoe. The second places the tree
in the hole. The second man may also pack the soil around the roots
and finish up the actual planting. It has also been found advisable,
where a simple slit has been made in heavy soil, for the man with the
spade to close the hole by forcing the spade into the ground an inch
or two from the original thrust, and to pry the soil against the roots
of the tree.

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