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Trenk, Fred B. (Fred Benjamin), 1900- / Forest planting handbook
(1932)

Planting methods and equipment,   pp. 7-13 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 8


Care of Planting Stock upon Arrival
  Trees from the state and commercial nurseries are packed tightly
in moist moss and are shipped in burlap bundles, or in crates. Be-
cause of the moist moss and the tight packing, which is conducive to
-heating, the trees may be damaged if permitted to remain packed too
long. Consequently, it is most important that the package or crate
of trees be opened as soon as possible after it is received by the pur-
chaser, in order to permit circulation of air through the moss.
  If a small shipment, 1,000 or 2,000 trees, has been received, which
can ordinarily be planted in a few days, it is sufficient merely to looa-
Large shipments of trees which 'cannot be planted Immneaately
should be unpacked and 'heeled-in.'.                 e
en the trees in the shipping bundle or crate, pour water on the moss
around the roots, and keep the trees in a cool, shaded place until they
are ready for planting. When a larger quantity of trees is received
from the nursery, requiring a week or more for planting, complete
unpacking and "heeling-in" are necessary.
  To heel-in trees, a long shallow trench should be dug, with one face
of the trench having a slope of 45 degrees. A depth of six inches for
.the trench is recommended, except for very large transplant stock,
when the trench should be 10 or 12 inches deep. The trees are tied in
bunches containing 26 or 50 trees each. The bunches should be opened
and spread out on the sloping face of the trench, with the roqts care-
fully spreads out in the bottom of the trench. A thin layer of soil
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