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Trenk, Fred B. (Fred Benjamin), 1900- / Forest planting handbook

Source of planting stock,   pp. 5-6 PDF (554.6 KB)

Page 6

   6. In planting white pine, I agree to remove all currant and goose-
 berry bushes, both wild and cultivated, from the area to be planted
 and from a 900 foot zone surrounding the area not later than June
 1 following the planting.
                       (Signed) -------------------------------
  Six species of trees are grown at the state nursery-white pine,
Norway pine, Scotch pine, jack pine, Norway spruce, and white spruce.
The Norway spruce and Scotch pine are trees of European origin; the
other four species are native to Wisconsin.
  Usually all of these species are available as seedlings up to three
years of age, ranging from three to eight inches in height. The Nor-
way and white pine, and the Norway aied white spruce, may also be
obtained as transplants; that is, trees taken up as seedlings and grown
for one or two additional years in nursery rows. The transplanting
operation results in a better developed root system and thicker stems.
Prices for trees range from $3 per thousand for seedlings to $7 per
thousand for transplants.
  Nursery price lists and order blanks are issued by the conservation
department early each fall, and trees may be purchased in-the spring.
The spring season opens about April 20, or as early as frost conditions
in the ground permit the lifting of trees. Spring shipping ceases in
the middle of May.
  Many persons ask why it is undesirable to sow tree seeds directly
on the ground to be planted, instead of growing and transplanting
small trees; and why the conifers or evergreens are almost universal-
ly grown, instead of more hardwood or broad-leaved trees.
  Repeated experiments in direct sowing of seed on areas to be planted
have resulted in failure. In the few cases where direct sowing has
produced a stand of trees, the cost has been too great. - Planting of
young trees has been found more certain and more economical, and is
therefore the method recommended.
  The conifers are chosen not only because the handling and planting
of seed and growing the seedlings is more economical, but because
they are much better adapted to soils of low fertility and rough
planting conditions, which are characteristic of areas which are arti-
ficially reforested.
  There are conditions under which the black walnut is suitable, to-
gether with other hardwood trees generally found with black walnut.
This will be given special consideration later.

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