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Bell, Florence C. (Florence Colfax), 1899- / Farmer co-ops in Wisconsin

Wisconsin ranks first in dairying,   pp. 10-11 PDF (531.8 KB)

Butter tops dairy sales,   pp. 11-12 PDF (561.8 KB)

Page 11

dairy products in the State that about
32 percent was used for creamery
butter, 32 percent for cheese, 15 per-
cent for evaporated and condensed
milk, and 1.5 percent for ice cream.
This leaves approximately 2 billion
pounds or 19 percent of the commercial
supply as the apparent amount which
was sold in fluid milk and fluid cream
channels. About 10 percent of this,
or 2 percent of the total, was retailed
by the producers themselves.
  Total cash income of Wisconsin
farmers from dairy products in 1937
was over 167 million dollars, a far
greater amount than that received
from any other farm enterprise, in
fact, a greater amount than the com-
bined cash income from all other farm
commodities. Of this amount, 5.4
percent came from milk retailed by
producers, 18.2 percent from sales of
butterfat, that is, farm-separated
cream, and 76.4 percent from whole
milk sold to cheese factories, con.
denseries, milk dealers, and others.
  Farmers' cooperatives handle about
half of the commercial milk supply of
Wisconsin farmers. In 1936 when
cash income from dairying was 161
million, sales by cooperatives were 80
million dollars. The two figures are
not strictly comparable, however, since
the sales data for cooperatives repre-
sent gross sales from which operating
expenses must be deducted in order to
d'termine net returns to the members.
Blitter accounted for the largest share
ol cooperative dairy sales-43 percent.
Fluid milk and fluid cream represented
2() percent; cheese 19 percent; and all
other products, including evaporated
and condensed milk, 12 percent. It is
apparent from this that a much
Iarger proportion of the butter is
Sources of Gross Farm Income
    10-Year Average 1928-37.
et //j N ILt  I
* man A, l N S
    j4? CAJ.YU
  In Wisconsin milk has accounted for about
half of the gross farm income for a number of
years. Very few of the States have so large a
portion of their farm income from this source.
For the United States as a whole, milk has
accounted for slightly over one-fifth of the gross
farm income for the past 10 years. In Wis-
consin, swine rank second as a source of farm
incomne followed by cattle and calves and poultry.
In the United States cattle and calves rank
second as a source of gross farm income from
livestock followed by swine and poultry. For
the country as a whole, income from crops has
been relatively more important than in
  Courtesy of the Wisconsin Crop Reporting Service.
handled by cooperatives than is true
of the other dairy products.
  Wisconsin is exceeded only by Min-
nesota in the dollar value of total
cooperative dairy business.
Bufter Tops Dairy Sales
  Sales of butter manufactured co-
operatively in Wisconsin in 1936 aggre-
gated $34,000,000, or 43 percent of the
entire cooperative business of Wiscon-
sin farmers in dairy products.
   In 1938 Wisconsin produced coopera-
tively more than 100,000,000 pounds of
butter. This was about 15 percent of
the Nation's cooperatively made but-
ter, and 55 percent of the entire State
factory production.
   In the total factory production of
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