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Cartwright, Carol Lohry; Shaffer, Scott; Waller, Randal / City on the Rock River : chapters in Janesville's history

2. Immigration and settlement,   pp. 43-51

Page 50

In 1885, the black population in Janesville was 66, while the total black population in Rock
County had increased to 205. By 1895, both the city's and county's black population had shrunk
dramatically. In that year, the state census reported that only 106 African-Americans resided
in Rock County, and only 28 resided in Janesville. In 1900, there were 18 African-Americans in
Janesville; in 1910, there were 37, and by 1920, there were only 22, or one-tenth of one percent of
the city's total population. At the same time, the number of blacks in Rock County had
increased to almost 1,000. In 1940, only 20 African-Americans were recorded as living in
Janesville, and that number did not increase until recent years. For much of the twentieth
century, African-American families in Rock County have been concentrated in the city of Beloit.
(Tabular Statements of the Census Enumeration, 1885-1886:26-27; Tabular Statement of the
Census Enumeration, 1895: 1895:96-97; Twelfth Census of the United States 1900:645; Thirteenth
Census of the United States 1910:618; Fourteenth Census of the United States 1920:1129,1132;
Sixteenth Census of the United States 1940:668)
There are no identified historic resources associated with African-American settlement in
Janesville. A thorough survey of potential resources has not been undertaken; it is possible that
African-American historic resources may be uncovered in the future.
Bennett, Philo S., and James Lawson. History of Methodism in Wisconsin. Cincinnati:
Cranston and Stowe, 1890.
Brown, William F., ed. Rock County, Wisconsin. Chicago: C. F. Cooper and Company, 1908.
Butterfield, C. W. The History of Rock County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical
Company, 1879.
City Directories for the City of Janesville. Hedberg Public Library, Janesville, Wisconsin.
Eighth Census of the United States, 1860, Population.
"First Lutheran Marks 125th Anniversary." Janesville Gazette, 23 September 1977, 11.
Fleckner, John A. "Poverty and Relief in Nineteenth Century Janesville." Wisconsin Magazine
of History vol. 61, 4: 287.
Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Statistics of Population.
Gregory, John G., ed. Southeastern Wisconsin: A History of Old Milwaukee County. Chicago:
S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1932.
Guernsey, Orrin, and Josiah F. Willard. History of Rock County and Transactions of the Rock
County Agricultural Society and Mechanics' Institute. Janesville: William M. Doty and
Brother, 1856.
Jeffris, Ruth. "One Hundred Years." Janesville Centennial Celebration, 1835-1935. Janesville:
Junior Association of Commerce, 1935.
Kuehn, Neal G. "History of a Small City and its First Families." Undergraduate
thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 1932.
Immigration and Settlement

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