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Cartwright, Carol Lohry; Shaffer, Scott; Waller, Randal / City on the Rock River : chapters in Janesville's history

2. Immigration and settlement,   pp. 43-51

Page 45

were eventually included within the city limits. (Gregory 1932:613-614; Brown 1908:52-53)
Thomas Holmes, Plat of Rockport, 1836. Rock County Register of Deeds.
In many communities, Yankee and other American-born settlers were often not long-term
residents. They continued to move west, looking for more opportunities to make their fortunes.
For example, Henry Janes quickly moved out of the territory, creating two more Janesvilles in
other states before finally settling in California. But most Americans who came to Janesville
stayed and raised families in the community, and many of their descendants stayed, as well.
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the economic, political, and social
life of Janesville was dominated by American-born citizens. They established and financed
most of the businesses in the city, formed and operated the governmental and judicial systems of
the city and county, and established the prominent social organizations and churches. A
review of the Notable People chapter shows the strong influence of these settlers in the
nineteenth- and early twentieth-century life of Janesville.
The most significant Yankee institutions established in Janesville were the early Protestant
churches, including the Baptist, Congregational, Methodist, Episcopal, and Presbyterian. The
history of these churches is discussed in detail in the Religion chapter. In fact, because Yankees
had a profound influence on the growth and development of all aspects of Janesville, their
Yankee heritage can be found in almost every chapter of this book.
Immigration and Settlement

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