Henry, W. A. (William Arnon), 1850-1932 / Central Wisconsin : its possibilities and future
Northern Wisconsin for dairying, pp. 9-22 ff. PDF (2.7 MB)
Then for about Sty miles in the course of that stream the sand valley is narrow, being not more than about five miles wide, with great stretches of territory on either side of rolling clay loam land. Throughout the most part of northern Wis- consin the soil rests on rock bottom, the under- lying rock being a fire rock, of a granite nature, said to be of the first incrustation of the earth An abundance of water is found in this rock. The upper surface of the rock for a dis- tanoe of four to six and sometimes ten feot, is very much broken. This upper surface is soft There are innumerable depressions In this rock surface all of which are filled with water. The overlaying clay bed Is generally from twelve to twenty feet deep, so that it may be said the soil is in connection with the soil water without an Intervening strata of sand or gravel as is so common In southern Wisconsin and northern Dlinols In its primeval state the most part of north- em Wisconsin was covered with a dene growth of timber, the sandy territory being occupied by pine, and the clay loam territory mostly by what is calledhardwood timber, such as maple, bao wood, elm, oak, birch, ash and butternut. Northern Wisconsin was first explored by the lumbermen who entered by way of the stream that were large enough to float los MAd lumber. The timber thus obtained was mostly pine cut from the sandy repons, in consequence whereof it was quite easy and natural for the impression to go out that northern Wisconsin was a pinery, and its soil was only sand and unfit for agriculture As the woodsman penetrated further inland, * ~~~~~~11'
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