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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XLII ([covers January 1963/July 1963])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XLII, no. 5,   pp. [17]-20 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 18


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
Wisconsin Acreage Plowed for Corn
by May,
District
Northwest ...........
North ..............
Northeast .............
West
Central ......
East      .......................
Southwest             ..............
South        ....................
Southeast            .............
State        ..................
1963   |  1962   | Usual
Percent of total
36
31
31
Al
27
77
33
53
67
46
33
31
19
27
55
25
25
45
31
i As reported by crop correspondents.
35
29
24
31
23
71
25
38
50
38
Stocks of hay on Wisconsin farms
on May 1 were estimated at more
than 2½/2 million tons. These supplies
are 54 percent larger than a year ago
and 37 percent above average for the
date. Wisconsin's tame hay produc-
tion last year hit an all-time high of
nearly 11 million tons, which accounts
for the unusually large stocks at the
beginning of the pasture season.
Nation's Crop Progress
Spreading effects of dry weather
lowered winter wheat prospects 5 per-
cent during April, but the May 1 esti-
mate is still 8 percent larger than
last year's crop. Field work and
spring planting were generally ahead
of normal for May 1. Early season
prospects for hay and pasture crops
were generally good in the north cen-
tral and western areas but below nor-
mal in the south central and north
and south atlantic states. Hay stocks
on May 1 were above average in spite
of heavy winter feeding.
Seeding of small grains was well
along for May 1 and corn planting
was head of last year. Surface soils
in the Corn Belt were becoming dry
but showers late in April brought re-
lief. However subsoil reserves are low
because of limited winter precipita-
tion.
Egg Output
Down In State
Wisconsin's April egg production
was below the same month last year.
The nation reported no change in
total egg output from a year ago.
Flock production in both the state
and nation is showing a seasonal de-
cline.
Layers in the state laid 158 million
eggs during April-9 percent under
a year ago and 18 percent below the
1957-61 April average. Layers on
farms numbered about 8.1 million
birds. This was a tenth below April
1962 and a fifth less than the April
average. Rate of lay averaged a rec-
ord 1,938 eggs per 100 layers -2 per-
cent over April a year ago, but this
rise was far short toward offsetting
declining layer numbers. April is the
sixth consecutive month that layer
numbers have been below correspond-
ing months one year earlier.
April flock production in the na-
tion totaled 5,651 million eggs, the
same as April last year and the aver-
age for the month. Layers on hand
numbered the same as a year ago but
were 1 percent below the April aver-
age. Rate of lay at 1,906 eggs per
100 layers was the second highest
April rate on record.
James R. Davies Now
In Salt Lake City, Utah
James R. Davies, agricultural stat-
istician, has been transferred from the
Wisconsin  Crop Reporting  Service
staff to a similar Federal position
with the Crop Reporting office in
Salt Lake City. He moved to Utah
in April with his wife and infant son.
Mr. Davies joined the Wisconsin
Crop Reporting Service in June 1961
as a trainee. While employed in the
Wisconsin office he attended the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin where he did
graduate work toward a Master's De-
gree in Agricultural Economics. "Jim",
as he was known to everyone in the
office, conscientiously carried out his
responsibilities. In his new assign-
ment with the Utah Crop Reporting
Service he has already shown his en-
thusiasm for his new duties.
State's Tobacco
Acreage Declining
Wisconsin farmers may harvest the
smallest tobacco acreage since 1936.
The state's tobacco acreage this year
may include 4,700 acres of Southern
Wisconsin - type 54 grown in the Dane
County area and 6,500 acres of North-
ern Wisconsin - type 55 produced in
the Vernon County area. These acre-
ages combined would be 7 percent be-
low the 1962 acreage with decreases
of 5 percent in type 54 and 10 per-
cent in type 55. For most farmers the
1963 acreage allotments will be about
the same as for 1962. About three-
fourths of the 1962 allotted acreage in
Wisconsin was planted.
Last year Wisconsin farmers pro-
duced about 19.6 million pounds of
tobacco including 8.7 million pounds
of type 54 and 10.9 million pounds
of type 55. Selling of the Wisconsin
crop began in January with prices
averaging 29.8 cents a pound for type
54 and 28.8 cents for type 55. The
price for type 54 was up about a cent
while the price for type 55 was down
about a cent from 1961.
Total value of the 1962 Wisconsin
tobacco crop is estimated at $5.7 mil-
lion. Tobacco under loan through
March 23 included a little over 31/2
million pounds of type 55 and 200,000
pounds of type 54.
The state's tobacco acreage and pro-
duction rose to its all-time high dur-
ing World War I when there were
48,000 acres harvested and production
reached nearly 621/2 million pounds.
Because of the low prices in the de-
pression years, tobacco production in
the state dropped to only 8,600 acres
and production totaled a little over
12 million pounds. The more recent
high point in acreage was in 1946
when there were 28,800 acres and war-
time production totaled nearly 421/2
million pounds.
Fluctuations from year to year in
acreage, yield, and production of to-
bacco in Wisconsin are sometimes
sharp-particularly for yield and
production. These year-to-year chang-
es obscure the long time trends. How-
ever, 10-year average comparisons for
recent years and a couple decades
back show that Wisconsin's acreage
has been declining. This smaller acre-
age has more than offset the increase
in yield per acre, and there is also
a drop in production.
The 1961-62 domestic use of South-
ern Wisconsin tobacco, type 54 was
8.9 million pounds. This use was over
11/2 million pounds above the record
low of 1960-61 and the largest in 5
years. Exports were comparatively
small. The 1961-62 domestic use of
type 55 at 10.6 million pounds de-
clined 3 percent from the previous
year and hit a new low. Exports in
1961-62 were about even with the pre-
vious year but down sharply in the
first quarter of 1962-63 compared with
the same period a year earlier.
Demand for Wisconsin tobacco has
lagged behind that for some other
types because of the change in the
smoking habits of the American pub-
lic. Figures on per capita consump-
tion of cigarettes has risen sharply in
recent years and total consumption
has gained greater than the increase
in population. Per capital demand for
cigars turned upward following World
War II with the high point in 1959.
However, consumption in the past
three years has leveled off.
Per capital consumption of smoking
tobacco other than cigarettes has
18
May. 1963
TOBACCO ACREAGE HARVESTED


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