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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XLII ([covers January 1963/July 1963])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XLII, no. 4,   pp. [13]-16 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 14


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
and calves. Hog prices were the low-
est for the month since 1956. Sheep
and lamb prices were higher than a
year ago.
Prices received for milk sold by
farmers in March averaged $3.25 a
hundred pounds for milk of average
test. This is 21 cents below a year
ago. Egg prices averaged 32 cents a
dozen, while turkey prices averaged
21 cents a pound. Farm chicken
prices at 9 cents a pound were the
lowest for any March since records
started in 1910.
Farm Flocks Lay
Fewer Eggs
A smaller number of layers and a
lower rate of production per layer
than a year ago reduced March egg
production on Wisconsin farms 12 per-
cent below March last year. The state
trends follow those for the nation as
a whole.
The number of layers on Wisconsin
farms in March is estimated at more
than 81/4 million birds which produced
an average of 1,916 eggs per 100
layers. Total egg production in March
is estimated at 160 million eggs com-
pared with 181 million a year ago.
So far this year, January through
March, Wisconsin farm flocks have
produced 470 million eggs. This pro-
duction is 9 percent below a year ago.
Farm flocks in the nation produced
5,680 million eggs during March. Egg
production was down 1 percent from
March last year. Egg production in
the nation in the first quarter of this
year was 2 percent below the total
for the same 1962 period.
Milk Production Still
Below A Year Ago
Wisconsin dairy herds produced
1,657 million pounds of milk in March.
While showing a seasonal gain from
the previous month, March milk pro-
duction was I percent below a year
ago. Milk production on Wisconsin
farms in the first quarter of this
year was below the corresponding
period last year. Dairy herds in the
state produced less milk in all three
months of this year than they did in
the same months of 1962 mainly be-
cause of decreases in milk production
per cow.
Milk production on farms in the
nation continued below a year ago
with the March output 1 percent be-
low March last year. This marks the
third month this year that milk pro-
duction has been 1 percent below the
same 1962 month. Milk production
for both the state and nation continues
above average for all months so far
this year.
Farm Wage Rates Are
Highest For Any Spring
Spring work begins with fewer
workers on Wisconsin farms than a
year ago and the general level of
wage rates the highest for any spring
on record.
Farm labor estimates for Wisconsin
show 23,000 hired workers and 224,000
family workers employed on farms
during March. This is a thousand
INDEX of WISCONSIN FARM WAGE RATES, by QUARTERS, 1950-63
19500 1951 1 1952 1 1953 1 19541 1955 1 1956 1 1957 1 19581 1959 1 1960'
19611 196211963 '
e0w.   rw 1- w,ยข ~s
more hired workers but 9,000 fewer
family workers than reported for
March last year. Employment figures
for the nation show decreases from a
year ago for both hired and family
farm workers.
While showing little change from
the January level, the index of Wis-
consin farm wage rates in April was
about 2 percent above April last year.
Wages paid by Wisconsin farmers on
April 1 averaged $210 a month with
a house and $152 a month with board
and room. Daily rates averaged $7.20
with board and room and $9.10 with-
out board or room. Hourly rates
averaged $1.13 without board or room.
Farm Workers and Wages
Wisconsin and United States
Item
Farm Workers,
Hired  ............
Family ....   ..
Total .... ...
Wage rates
By month
With house ...........
With room & board
By day
With room & board.
No room & board
By hour
No room & board
Wisconsin  United States
1963 1 1962 1963 1962
March (000)
23    22 1,232  1,248
224   233 4,431 4,488
247   255 5,663 5,736
April I (dollars)
2 10.00
152.00
7.20
9.10
1.13
203.00
152.00
7.10
9.00
1.10
199.00
154.00
6.30
6.80
1.11
192.00
150.00
6.20
6.70
1.07
iPersons employed during the last full calendar
week ending at least one day before the end
.8 the month.
Turkey Industry
Grows
Turkeys are big business in Wis-
consin. Over 5.5 million birds were
raised last year while less than a mil-
lion were raised in 1950. This sharp
rise occurred in little more than a
decade.
Since 1950 the number of turkeys
raised in the state has increased each
year except for a couple of years -
some decline took place in both 1960
and 1962. A record 6.2 million birds
were raised in 1961. Records were
established for several succeeding
years prior to 1961 as shown in the
table. The turkey crop has grown in
the nation, but at a slower rate than
in Wisconsin. A bigger crop this year
than last year was indicated by grow-
ers in January for both the state and
nation.
There are a number of reasons for
the sharp rise in the turkey crop.
Most important is the increased popu-
larity of turkey for the table. Per
capita consumption of more than seven
pounds a year is now over twice the
mid-century  level.  Availability  of
fryer or broiler weight birds as well
as halves or cut-up pieces has helped
dressed turkey sales. Many families
buy turkey meat now since it is pack-
aged in small amounts. In earlier
years only large birds were available
and few families could use that much
meat at one time. Turkey primarily
was a holiday food.
Much as been done to raise turkey
consumption through advertising and
merchandising. Attractive d i s p I a y
counters are in evidence along with
packaged turkey in transparent wrap-
ping material. Birds or cut up pieces
can be seen but they are still protect-
Turkeys Raised, Wisconsin, 1950-63
Year
195u  .....
. 7UV   .
1951 ..
1952 .
1953-
1953 ..
1954
1955 ..
1 956 ..
1957 ..
1958 ..
1959 .
1960 ..
1961 .
1962 ..
1963,
Number raised
Heavy       Light
breeds     breeds      Total
Thousands
........
1656
2,205
2,442
2,649
4,122
4,058
6,177
5,438
5,723
........
555
338
203
128
127
21
43
89
68
977
1.153
1,349
1,592
1,783
2,211
2,543
2,645
2,777
4,249
4.079
6,220
5,527
5.791
ijanuary intentions to raise turkeys.
14
April, 1963
- r
--S-
April, 1963
I


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