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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XLII ([covers January 1963/July 1963])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XLII, no. 1,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 2


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
J n a .1   1 9 6 3
Purchasing power of Wisconsin
farm products during the past year
at 82 percent of the 1910-14 average
was the lowest for any year since
1959. Purchasing power is the ratio
of prices received to prices paid. Last
year marked the tenth consecutive
year in which purchasing power was
below 100 percent in all months.
December Milk Production
Unchanged from Year Ago
By producing 1,427 million pounds
of milk in December, Wisconsin dairy
herds approached the December 1961
output. December marked the first
month in 1962 that milk production
failed to show an increase over the
corresponding month of the previous
year. However, a preliminary esti-
mate of the state's 1962 milk produc-
December farm commodity index
figures showed prices received by
Wisconsin farmers down 6 percent
for milk but up 1 percent for meat
animals, 3 percent for poultry, 10 per-
cent for eggs, and 2 percent for crops.
The increase in crop prices comes
mainly from hgher prices for some
cash crops. Feed grain and hay prices
were off from December 1961.
tion indicates a record breaking total
of nearly 181/2 billion pounds or al-
most 21/2 percent more than the rec-
ord of the previous year.
Milk production in the nation dur-
ing December totaled 9,796 million
pounds or slightly more than a year
earlier. The estimated milk produc-
tion on farms in the nation last year
was 126l/2 billion pounds or 1 percent
more than the record production of
1961.
Monthly Milk Production on Farms,
Wisconsin and United States, 1962 and Average
Month
Jan .
eb.
Mar.
Ap
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.-D)ec.
Wisconsin
5-year       1962
1962      average     as % of
1957-61     average
Million pounds       Percent
1,524       1,461       104
1,468       1,409       104
1,701       1,630       104
1,723       1 665       103
1, 55       1:841       101
1,830  j    1,817       101
1 ,561      1,555       1oo
1,379       1,336       103
1,312       1,220       108
1.346       1,258       107
1,299       1,220       106
1,427       1,369       104
18,425      17,781       104
State's December Egg Production
Holds Year Ago Level
The 9,314,000 layers on state farms
this past December represents the
smallest December level in 37 years.
However, egg production held last
year's level of 171,000,000 eggs be-
cause the rate of lay increased by 1
percent.
Aggregate egg output for 1962 in
the state totaled 1,946 million eggs or
United States
5-year      1962
1962      average    as % of
1957-6 1   average
Million pounds       Percent
10, 18      9,769      104
9,629      9.360      103
11 101     10,727      103
11.340     11,097      102
12,533     12.415      101
12,003     11,974      100
10,977     11,004      100
0,244      10,154      101
9,683      9,387      103
9,771      9,377      104
9,314      8,905      105
9,796      9,448      104
126,509    123,619      102
21/2 percent above 1961. This is the
third straight year that total egg pro-
duction has been below the 2,000 mil-
lion egg level.
A record average rate of lay in the
nation of 1,704 eggs per 100 layers
held egg production for December at
less than 1 percent under December
of 1961. By holding this production
level, the nation's total egg output for
1962 will be about 11/2 percent above
1961.
Monthly Egg Production on Farms,
Wisconsin and United States, 1962 and Average
Month
Jan .....
Feb.....
Mar.   ..
Apr. . .
May ....
June . .
July  ..  ..
Aug.
Sept.
Oct. . .
Nov.
Dec .  ....
Jan.-Dec.
Wisconsin
5-year       1962
1962      average     as % of
1957-61     average
Million eggs         Percent
174         202        86
160         179         89
181         198         91
173         192        90
175         191         92
163         175         93
157         170        92
149         159        94
138         145        95
148         155        95
157         168        93
171         190        90
1,946       2,123        92
United States
5-year      1962
1962      average    as % of
1957-61    average
Million eggs        Percent
5,275      5,354        99
4.928      5,014        98
5,728      5,744       100
5,622      5.641       100
5,704      5,663       101
5,272      5,141       103
5,175      4,976       104
4,991      4,793       104
4,817      4,605       105
5 ,054     4,835       105
4,990      4,858       103
5,216      5,231       100
62,774     61,857       101
1962 Farm Wages
Reach New High
Wisconsin's index of wages paid by
Wisconsin farmers in 1962 was 2 per-
cent above the 1961 figure and the
highest on record. While wage rates
were higher, the farmers hired fewer
workers than in 1961.
Last year Wisconsin farmers paid
hired workers monthly wages averag-
ing $206 with a house and $151 with
board and room. Daily rates averaged
$7.20 with board and room and $9.10
without board or room. Hourly rates
without board or room averaged $1.13.
Farm employment in Wisconsin
last year was below 1961 by about 3
percent with decreases in the number
of both family and hired workers.
The number of family workers aver-
aged 236,000 persons per month com-
pared with 244,000 in 1961. This de-
crease reflects in part the decrease in
the number of farms. Hired workers
averaged 28,000 a month or 1,000
persons less than employed in 1961.
Farm Workers and Wages
Wisconsin and United States
1961 and 1962 Averages
Item
F'arm Workers,
Hired.
Family  . .....
Total  ... ..  ...
Wage rates
By the month
With house
With room & board
By the day
With room & board
No room & board
By the hour
No room & board .
Wisconsin   United States
1962 1961    1962     1961
Monthly average (000)
28    29 1,817 1,886
236   244 4,934 5,104
266   273 6,751 6,990
Dollars per month
206.00
151.00
7.20
9.10
1.13
1_1
202.00
149.00
7.00
8.90
1.10
1._
200.00
155.00
6.7
6.90
I .01
1.0
195.00
151.00
6.50
6.60
.99
,Persons employed during the last full calendar
week ending at least one day before the end
of the month.
Washington Regains Lead
In Apple Production
Wisconsin produced 1.4 million
bushels in 1962, down 400,000 bushels
or 22 percent from 1961. However
the state is still slightly above its
average 1951-60 production of 1.3
million bushels.
Washington regained the lead from
New York as the leading commercial
apple producer in 1962. Washington's
production compared to 1961 increased
50 percent or 5.1 million bushels while
New York's production decreased 17
percent or 4.1 million bushels.
The nation's production of 121.4
million bushels is about a 4 percent
decline from last year. Declines in
Eastern and Central states more than
offset an increase in Western states.
Michigan is the leading midwestern
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Januarv.1963
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it,
.99


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