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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XL ([covers January 1961/December 1961])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XL, no. 7,   pp. [1]-[2] PDF (2.7 MB)

Page [2]

Lumber Prices
(at mill per thousand board feet)
Prices for rough, No. 3A and better lumber produced b3
mill operators for local consumption or remanufacture by
volume buyers. Many mills also report lumber sales based
on grade rather than mill run. No appreciable differences
between green and air dry lumber range as reported.
Dressed dry lumber somewhat higher.
Species         Grn  r air dry
Aspen    -                $00-70 00
Black cherry ---------     5000-  0 t0l
Elm - -0----------------------0- 40 -  65.00
Hardwoods, mixed  -----.-  5000-  50. 00
Hemlock      --     -     70  - 9N
Maple, herd  -  -7500-125 0
Maple,  st   --l-l-        70. 90-118.111
Oak, red     -    -   -    55.00-100 00
Pine, jack  .- . -  - ----  55.00-  5 S00
Pine, red (Norway)  6_  -     11-10000
Pine, white --             70 00-125  00
No tie market is expected by mill
operators before fall. This is the gen-
eral picture for the entire Lake States
area. Compared with a year ago, pres-
ent production and demand is very
poor. Tie logs are not being purchased
at the present time. Many operators
are sawing their present log supply
into ties and lumber, and are expected
to halt production until fall. Some tie
mills have temporarily shifted to
sawing popple.
The lumber market is rather vari-
able. Hardwood markets have re-
mained steady. This is particularly
true for well seasoned material such
as hard maple and aspen. Oak is re-
ported in good demand by some south-
ern Wisconsin producers, but the re-
verse for certain operators in the
northwest. Lower grades are hard to
sell, however No. 1 Common is mov-
ing better than a year ago according
to reports from the southwest. De-
mand is expected to pick up by fall.
The cedar post market is steady.
Reports indicate purchases have been
suspended until next winter. Current
prices are expected to hold firm. Not
much change is expected for poles and
Stave mill operations in southern
Wisconsin also report a depressed
market. Perhaps this market situation
underscores the general trend which
currently prevails for forest products
as a result of the national economic
slump. Some pickup is expected within
the year. Present stumpage prices are
off as much as one-third compared
with a year ago.
Forest Products Marketing
For the past thirty years the Col-
lege of Agriculture, in cooperation
with the Wisconsin Conservation De-
partment and woodusing industries,
has compiled forest products price re-
ports to acquaint both timber buyer
and seller with existing market trends.
Frequent criticism has been cited
about the wide price ranges existing
in the state-wide reports for many
listed products or stumpage. During
the first ten years of the price report,
the state was divided into four areas
in an attempt to report more localized
prices-Northern Wisconsin, Wiscon-
sin-Chippewa Valleys, Fox-Wolf Val-
leys, and Southern Wisconsin. Very
little variation existed among prices
from the arbitrarily chosen regions,
and subsequent reports were there-
fore based on single state-wide ranges.
Data submitted for this report were
analyzed according to the five state
management areas of the Wisconsin
Conservation Department. This was
done to reevaluate the practice of re-
porting   state-wide price    ranges in
view of the constructive criticism
raised. Again the areas were arbi-
trarily chosen and do not necessarily
represent the best breakdown for
marketing various forest products.
The resultant price ranges for each
individual area were found to show
as wide a spread as the state-wide
ranges. In some cases, the quotations
reflect a species concentration in a
definite region, such as those for black
walnut. This type of trend however
does not provide an adequate basis for
an area breakdown in price reporting.
Railroad Tie Prices
Mill prices
Species    Tie sine  Dimensions received for
sewed ties
Hardwoods        I      'a *' S O' $1.10-1I35
(oak hard      2      6' x 7' x '  1.45-1 75
maple, beach,  3     6'iS  xaA   1.0-'S.20
birch, elm,    4     7'   ' a x'  2. 45-2.75
and ash)             7' x oS'    2. 75-3.00
rejects             .O-
Railroad Tie Log Prices'
(delivered at mill)
Steum page  diameter
species     rice (per  (small end  Price per
S C" log in of 'S" log  'S" log
standing  inside of
tre)      bark)
Hardwoods. -  .  5.40 .70  " -  9"  .75-1.00
(oak hard              I" -1l   l .90-1 75
maple, beech,          12"-13"   .50-1.90
birch, elm,            14"-1S"   .90-2. 75
and  ash)              1611-l0   1.50-3.25
195"-20"  1. 8-3.75
21"-22"   2.70-4.00
'Price quotes were alo based on Scribner log scale at
035 540 per thousand board feet.
White Cedar Post Prices
Pole Prices
(per pole at delivery point)
While Cedar
Pole   length   in   l et  J ack  T ap   diam et er- in chas
Pine  --
4      S      6
I     -           $ 1.00  $  .65   .   5 s   .05
Z2    .             1.40  1.25  1.5S  2.45
22.-- - - -- - - - - 1.50.-- - - -  - -   - - -
25       .          1.60 -      2.75  3.20
30                 3.00
35                  3. 75
45        .       1100 --.         - -----
White cedar poles l5-25t higher when peeled.
Piling Prices
(per piling at delivery point)
Z s   _ _ _   _ _ _
2 5.-- - - - - - - - - - - -
30  .
44       ----- - -
so  -- - - -- - - -  --- -- .-
Pine and
Until further study proves other-
wise, timber prices are determined by
a combination of factors including lo-
cal market demand, distance to mills,
timber accessibility, marketable vol-
ume, and timber size and quality.
That a wide range of price offerings
exists for stumpage or cut products-
even within a relatively small region
-emphasizes the fact that timber
owners and operators should analyze
the markets carefully before cutting
Marketing service is available from
Wisconsin Conservation Department
District Foresters who work in each
county of the state. These foresters
can be contacted directly or local
county agencies, such as the Countv
Agricultural Extension Office, can re-
fer landowners to these foresters if
assistance is desired. No charge is
made for the forestry service.
Woodusing industries of the state
also provide helpful assistance. Many
of these mills publish specification
and price lists of their raw material
needs. Cut products of various forms,
sizes, and grades might be utilized
depending upon the product made.
Timber owners and operators should
be aware of the common mil practice
of purchase through written contract.
Woodusing industry lists have been
compiled and periodically revised for
each county by the Extension For-
estry Office and the Conservation De-
partment. A 'primary' directory lists
mills using cut products as raw mate-
rial. A 'secondary' directory lists mills
using lumber or veneer for the fabri-
cation of a finished product. These
marketing aids are available from
either the Extension Forestry Office
at the College of Agriculture or from
the Wisconsin Conservation Depart-
ment, Madison 2.
T. A. Peterson
Compiled In the Extension Forestry Office, College of Agriculture, Unirsity
of Wisconsin,
District Foresters of the Wisconsin Conservation Department, and the wood
using industries co-operating.

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