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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XL ([covers January 1961/December 1961])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XL, no. 5,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (2.5 MB)

Page [2]

one-half of the crop treatment was for corn, over one-
fourth for oats, and nearly 15 percent for pasture. Other
crops, including soybeans, sweet corn, peas, wheat,
and barley received only about 5 percent of the weed
treatment. Only a few farmers reported chemical weed
treatment for hayland.
iF;_T'Pom   Yi;~Kt  -As reported by Wisconsin croW  and doiry correspondens
In the treatment for weed control in cornfields, the
survey shows that spraying after the crop emerged from
the ground was done on a little over 60 percent of the
acreage treated. Spraying at time of planting or before
the crop was up was done on slightly over 30 percent
of the treated corn acreage. Treatment at this time with
granules occurred on around 9 percent of the corn acre-
age treated.
Spraying was the most popular method of treatment
for insects and diseases, although dust and granules
were also used. Insect-and-disease control was used
to a limited extent, except that vegetable crops re-
ceived a high percentage of treatment.
Crop and dairy correspondents also reported on the
kind of chemical applied. Reports show 2,4-D was by
far the most popular chemical used on both corn and
oats. On corn, 2,4-D was used by 80 percent of those
reporting on this question, followed by atrazine in over
10 percent of the reports, with MCPA and other chem-
icals making up the remainder. Of those farmers re-
porting kind of chemical used on oats, 80 percent used
2,4-D, nearly 20 percent used MCPA, and a few used
other chemicals.
More correspondents treated their crops than owned
chemical applying equipment, maybe indicating the
extent of custom work. Of the farmers reporting in the
survey, approximately 12 percent used some treatment
even though they did not own equipment for applying
the chemical. Also, about 20 percent of the farmers
who owned chemical applying equipment did not use it
for various reasons.
About one-fourth of the correspondents owned their
equipment for applying chemicals. Farmers with the
largest cropland acreages hadthelargestpercentagesof
ownership of equipment for applying chemicals. Equip-
ment ownership was highest in the southern part of the
state with about two out of each five of the farmers re-
porting that they owned such equipment.
Chemical Treatment of Crops and Equipment Ownershipl
Reports by Districts, Wisconsin, 1960
District  Chemical treatment Owned field equipment
on cropland   for applying chemicals
Yes       No       Yes        No
Percent of reports  Percent of reports
Northwest    20        80       17         83
North        15        85       11         89
Northeast     30       70       14         86
West          30       70       23         77
Central       19       81       18         82
East          33       67       26         74
Southwest     48       52       39         61
South        57        43       43         57
Southeast    43        57       40         60
State       33       67        26        74
s reported by Wisconsin crop and dairy corres-
Specialists point out that the use of chemicals is
not necessarily the solution to control of weeds and
insects, but that good cultural practices are also
necessary. Chemicals merely act as a supplement to
good cultural practices. It is a wise combination of
the two, chemicals and culture, as applied to a par-
ticular situation that brings satisfactory results.
It is important that these chemical materials be used
properly and in accordance with the recommendations.
When used this way, chemicals can be safe and good.
No contaminating residue will result if recommenda-
tions are followed as to amount and time of application
in relation to planting or harvest. County agricultural
agents are able to give information and advice on the
proper usage of chemicals.
Supplement to May 1961
'Wisconsin Crop and Livestock Reporter'
Prepared by
Wisconsin Crop Reporting Service
Madison 1, Wisconsin

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