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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XL ([covers January 1961/December 1961])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XL, no. 4,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 4


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
April 1961
petition for good hay, good silage, and
the cereal grain crops. Good hay is
good business for most Wisconsin
dairy farmers. However, yields, pro-
duction, harvesting, and storing
methods for hay must continue to keep
pace with advancements in the econo-
mical production of nutrients in other
feed crops. Because of the advances
made in the production of feed nutri-
ents in corn on farms well adapted to
corn production, even good hay may
be an expensive feed.
State's Milk Production
Sets March Record
Wisconsin dairy herds produced I
percent more milk in March than they
did a year ago, but total production
for the first quarter of this year
shows little change from the corres-
ponding period of last year. Milk pro-
duction rose from 1,440 million pounds
in February to a record of 1,660 mil-
lion pounds in March to make a sea-
sonal gain of 15 percent. Total milk
production on Wisconsin farms in the
first quarter is estimated at 4,582 mil-
lion pounds.
The state's milk production in April
may show no upward trend from a
year ago. Reports from Wisconsin
farmers on April 1 indicate milk pro-
duction per cow is averaging below a
year ago, and that the percentage of
milk cows milked is also down. At the
beginning of April farmers were feed-
ing about 3 percent less grains and
concentrates per cow than a year
earlier even though the milk-feed ratio
is a bit more favorable to a higher
feeding rate this spring.
Milk production in the United States
in March is estimated at 10,843 mil-
lion pounds, and 30,083 million pounds
were produced in the first quarter of
the year. I)airy herds produced 2
percent more milk in March to set an
all-time high in output for the month.
Milk production in the first quarter
was about equal to the output for the
corresponding period last year.
State's Egg Production
Still Below A Year Ago
Wisconsin farm flocks laid 177 mil-
lion eggs during March and their total
production for the first quarter of this
year was 511 million eggs. Egg pro-
duction on the state's farms during
March was 5 percent below a year ago
and the total for the first three
months was off 8 percent.
Both the number of layers and pro-
duction per layer were below the
January and February figures for last
year. In March production per layer
averaged a little higher than a year
ago offsetting slightly the drop of
about 6 percent in the number of
layers.
The nation's farm flocks laid 5,647
million eggs in March and 15,640 mil-
lion during the first quarter of this
year. Farm flocks produced 1 percent
more eggs in March than they did a
year ago but for the first three months
of the year production was down about
3 percent. Egg production on the na-
tion's farms in March was about 2
percent below average for the month
compared with a drop of 18 percent
for Wisconsin.
Farm Product Price Level
Up A Bit for Wisconsin
Wisconsin's index of prices received
by farmers in March rose 2 percent
from March last year, and the index
of prices paid by farmers set an all-
time high for the month.
Price index figures for the different
commodities show increases of nearly
2 percent for milk, 5 percent for meat
animals, and 20 percent for eggs.
Partially offsetting these gains are de-
creases in the prices received for
truck and canning crops, feed grains
and hay, and other crops.
The forecast for prices received for
milk sold by Wisconsin farmers in
March is $3.45 a hundred pounds for
milk of average test. The average
price for milk dropped 7 cents from
February to March but shows a gain
of 5 cents over the March 1960 aver-
age.
Farmers received prices for eggs
averaging 35 cents a dozen compared
with only 29 cents for March 1960.
While the prices for all chickens sold
by farmers remains about the same
as a year ago, March turkey prices
averaged 23 cents a pound compared
with 27 cents last year.
Prices received by Wisconsin farm-
ers for hogs sold in March averaged
$16.80 a hundredweight or $2.50 more
than a year ago. Beef cattle prices
averaged $16.20 compared with the
March 1960 average of $16.90 a
hundredweight. Cow, steer and heifer,
and calf prices show moderate de-
creases. While sheep prices averaged
close to a year ago, lamb prices
dropped nearly $5 a hundredweight
from $20 in March last year.
Wisconsin Farm Wages
Set April 1 Record
At the beginning of April, Wiscon-
sin farmers were paying wages to
hired workers averaging    slightly
above a year earlier and the highest
on record for April 1. Spring work
begins on Wisconsin farms with hired
workers receiving wages averaging
$199 a month with a house and $146
a month with board and room. Daily
wage rates average $6.80 with board
and room and $8.80 without board
or room. Hourly pay without board
or room averages $1.07.
The total number of persons em-
ployed on farms in the state in March
was 3 percent smaller than a year
ago. A slight increase in number of
hired workers is reported but this was
offset by a drop in the number of
family workers. Total farm employ-
ment in Wisconsin in March is esti-
mated at 264,000 persons compared
with 273,000 a year ago. These trends
in farm employment are similar to
those for the nation as a whole.
Farm Workers and Wages
Wisconsin and United States
Item
Farm workers
Hired-
Family-
Total
By the month
With house
With board & room
By the day
With board & room
No board or room
By the hour
No board or room
Wisconsin      United States
_ 1961 1 I960  196 1    1960
March (000)
25     24   1,275  1,231
239   249    4,695  4,763
264    273   S,970  5,994
April I (dollars)
199 00 197.00 188.00 186.00
146.00 144.00 148 .00 145.00
680     6.70   6.00   5.90
8.80   8.50    6.50   6.40
1.07    1 08   1.04   1.03
'Persons employed during the last fill calendar week
ending at least one day before the end of the month.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
STATISTICAL REPORTING SERVICE
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
RETURN AFTER FIVE DAYS TO
AGRICULTURAL STATISTICIAN
BOX 351
MADISON, WISCONSIN
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
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