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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XXIX ([covers January 1950/December 1950])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XXIX, no. 5,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 2


2      (18)     WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER          May 1950
United States Crops
For the United States, crop pros-
pects on May 1 were less encouraging
than usual. Adverse weather condi-
tions during April further retarded
farm   work and   vegetative growth.
This is particularly true in the north-
ern states where the season is re-
ported to be as much as 2 to 3 weeks
late.
Stocks of Hay on Farms
.1  1 i  I e JIitllit)
Percent of previous
Thousand tons   year's crop
10-yr.         10-yr.
1950  1943  1939-  1950  1949  1939-
48             4
Wisconsin  1,132  073  1.186  18.0  16 0  17.1
United States 14.8151U98 15,449  1S.0  IS12   I S.
Hay   prospects over most of the
country are below average, especially
the newly-seeded meadows. Seeding
of spring grains has been retarded.
BIy the end of April virtually no seed-
ing had been done in North Dakota.
Only limited progress was being made
in Montana, northern South Dakota,
Minnesota, and eastward to New Eng-
l:mrrd. In the 10 southern states where
c(ondition  figures for oats were re-
ported, the crop averaged only 62 per'-
cent of normal. Pasture conditions for
the nation averaged 74 percent of
nornmal, which is the lowest May 1
pa sture condition reported since 1940.
Winter Wheat and Production
and Yield
Wisconsin      United States
crop           IO-yc. didI1-yr.
mdi   a,.   di-|       *.
cated  1949  1939-  cated  1949  1939-
19S0      48    1950       48
Producmioo, Thousand Bushels
Winter
-heat   67  6981 687 689,595901,668 758,821
Rye .. 1,092  1936,I 139711 20,904  18,697  32,155
Winter        Yield, Bushels
Aheat  21 0  22 5  1.71  ,16.0  16 31  17.5
Rye    21 1.5  13 0  1I.21  11.9  12.0!  12 0
Wisconsin Milk Production
Approximately    52   million  more
pounds of milk    were produced    on
Wisconsin farms up to May 1 of this
year than in the first four months of
1914(. Milk production in April was
about 2 percent above April last year.
April milk production in Wisconsin
this reor was nearly 1:3 percent above
the I(-year average for the month,
and it was the highest for any April
on    record. About the usual seasonal
increase in milk production occurred
from   Ma rch  to   April  although
weather conditions thi. year were
generally unfavorable.
The increased milk production on
Wisconsin farms this year may be
attributed to a large' number of milk
cows, record quantitie(s of grains and
concentrates fed, and a higher pro-
duction per cow. With the late spring
and poor pasture conditions, farmer's
in some areas are running low on
feed supplies, particularly hay. This
may have some effect in the total
production for May and tend to lower
the high rate of production so far this
year.
United States Milk Production
For the United States, milk produc-
tion in April was about 3 percent
above April last year and almost
equal to the record production in
April 1945. Milk production per cow
increased less than usual during April
but on May 1 was still record high
for the date.
The seasonal increase in production
w'as slowed as a result of the late
development of pastures and cool
stormy weather which prevailed over
the nation this spring. An increase of
(i percent in milk production from
April 1 to May 1 was the smallest
percentage increase for a period of
more than 20 years.
Egg Production
Farm flocks in Wisconsin produced
248 million eggs during April. This
was the same output as in April a
year ago, but 31/2 percent below the
5-year 1944-48 average for the month.
There were 2 percent more layers on
hand than a year ago, and 2'/2 percent
fewer than the 5-year average number
for April. Layers averaged 16.77 eggs
per layer during the month compared
with 17.10 eggs a year ago and the
5-year average rate of 16.97 eggs per
layer'.
Layers on farms of the nation pro-
duced 41,Z percent more eggs in April
this year than during April a year
ago, but 4 percent below the 5-year
1944-48 average. There were about
61/ percent more layers on the na-
tion's farms during April than the
same period last year. However, the
April number was 4 percent less than
the 5-year average. The United States
far-m flocks averaged 17.65 eggs per'
layer during April. This rate of lay
compares with 17.98 during the same
month last year and the 5-year aver-
age of 17.68 eggs per hen. The num-
ber of chicks and young chickens of
this year's hatching on far-ms May I
was 5 percent less than a year ago
and :8 percent below average.
Wisconsin  farmers  received  an
average of 29.8 cents per- dozen for
eggs as of April 15 compared with
29.5 cents a month ago and 41 cents
a year ago. Live chickens averaged
25.8 cents per pound compared with
263.4 on Mirch 15 and 30.8 cents per'
pound in April, 1949.
Pr-ices received for eggs by farmers
of the nation averaged 80.8 cents per
dozen on April 15 compar-ed with 42.8
cents a year earlier. On March 15 the
price was 31.6 cents per dozen.
Chickens averaged  28.3  cents per
pound liveweight in April compared
with ')1 cents per pound last year.
Hatchery Production
Wisconsin hatchery production dur-
ing the first 4 months of this year is
estimated at a little more than 14
million chicks which is 4 percent
fewer than the corresponding period
in 1949. Early in the year hatchings
were well above last year but a 12
percent drop during April brought the
output for the past 4 months below
a year ago. It now appears that the
months of May and June will run
relatively light.
For the nation hatchery production
for the period January through April
is about 2 percent lower than a year
ago. The outlook for the year as a
whole suggests considerably fewer
chicks this year.
Wisconsin Farm Prices
The index of prices received by
farmers oer April 15 was 237 percent
of the 1910-14 average. This was a
further decline in farm pr-ices of
2 percent since mid-March and the
level for April was nearly 4 percent
below the level for the same month a
year agc. Lower prices for livestock
and milk carried the index down dur-
ing April. In contrast to the decline
in general farm pr-ices, the index of
farm costs and living expenses rose
slightly during the month ending
April 15 and a further decline of
2 percent in the purchasing power of
the far-rn dollar resulted. The con-
flicting trend between the pr-ices
received by farmers and the costs of
things that farmers buy has high-
lighted the farm price picture so far
irr 195U.
Preliminary indications for April
pointed to an average pr-ice to farm-
ers for milk of $3.00 per hundred-
weight compared with $3.10 in March.
This decline in milk prices was about
the usual amount expected for this
season of the year. Compared with
United States average price of milk,
Wisconsin returns to producers have
been somewhat more stable. On April
15 the average price received for
milk by farmers for the country at
large was 4 percent below prices for
April a year ago, but in Wisconsin
milk prices in April will be about 8
percent above the levels for April last
year.
The index of general farm pr-ices in
Wisconsin for April of 237 percent of
the 1910-14 average was the lowest
the index has been since June 194;
when government pr-ice regulations
were  enforced. The general farm
price level for Wisconsin has been
hovering around the 5-year average
(1944-48) for several months. It con-
trasts sharply with the wholesale
prices for the country which have
been running around 21 percent above
the 5-year average and retail prices
which have been 19 percent above
the average for the preceding 5
years. Consumer income has also
been about 17 percent larger' than the
5-year average. Not all farm prices
have fallen as significantly as the
general farm price level. Milk prices
in Wisconsin show about the same
change as the over-all farm price
level, but livestock prices in April
were about 15 percent above the
5-year average or up about the same
as consumer income. Prices for poul-
try and eggs were 9 percent below
their 5-year average and crops were
15 percent below the 5-year levels.
4,


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