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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XXIX ([covers January 1950/December 1950])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XXIX, no. 3,   pp. [1]-4 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 4

-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ac  1 -
their dairy herds during February.
Cold storage holdings of frozen
poultry and eggs, shell, frozen, and
dried on March 1 were about double
the stocks of a year ago.
Wholesale prices of all commodities
were up slightly from January to
February but 3 percent below Febru-
ary of last year. Retail prices were
fairly steady during the first two
months of this year and only 2 per-
cent below February 1949.
Hog slaughter in February was
well below the total for January but
3 percent above February last year.
Slaughter of cattle, calves, sheep, and
lambs during February was smaller
than January and February 1949.
While total non-agricultural income
has increased in the nation 4 percent
compared with a year ago, agricul-
tural income is 16 percent smaller.
Merchantable Potato Stocks
on March 1
Stocks of merchantable potatoes
held by growers and local dealers in
Wisconsin on March 1 were estimated
at 1,650,000 bushels, which is 1,230,-
000 bushels less than were held at
the beginning of the year. The Wis-
consin stocks were about one-half
million bushels above the March 1
holdings for 1948 and 1949.
March 1 stocks of merchantable
potatoes held by growers and local
dealers throughout the nation were
the largest of record for that date.
Combined grower and dealer stocks of
over 87% million bushels were one-
fourth larger than March 1 holdings
last year and 17 percent larger than
the previous record of about 75 Y4
million bushels on March 1, 1947.
Potatoes held for use as food, seed,
or livestock feed on farms where
grown and those purchased by the
government under the price support
program but released to the grower
are not included in the estimates of
merchantable stocks. Also, deductions
have been made for shrinkage and
waste expected after March 1.
Potato Planting Practices, 1949
Distance Between    Distance Between      Seed Used Per          Depth of
Rows            Plants in Rows           Acre               Planting
Ditsct _rict__ _                               __    _ ______
Most                Most                 Most                Most
Average   Common    Average   Common     Average   Common    Average   Common
Report              Report               Report              Report
Inches    Inches    Inches    Inchea    Bushels   Bushels    Inches    Inches
1           .           38.0       36        19.2       IS        8.4   
    8        3.9         4
2----------  ---------  35.6       36        16.8    12 and  16  10.6   
   12         4.0        4
3---------------------  35.8       36        15.1       18       13.4   
   12         4.3        4
4                       3-.5       42        18.0       IS        9.4   
    8         4.2        4
5-    -    -    -       37.3       36        21.7       I8        8.3   
    8         3.9        4
6        . - -34.7                 36        16.0      i1        16.4   
   12         4.1        4
7.  .-                  34.3       36        14.5      I1        10.2   
   12        4.6         4
6-----    -     ---     36.@       40        17.0       18        9.8   
    8         4.4        4
9 -     -      -        34.4       36        13.9       12       11.5   
 8 and I5     4.5        4
State.. -.     .       36.1       36       17.1       Is       10.8     
  8         4.2        4
Potato Planting Practices-1949
In August of 1949, Wisconsin dairy
reporters were asked to report on
potato planting practices used on
their farms. The survey shows con-
siderable variation in practices be-
tween different areas of the state as
well as between farms in a given
area. As we examine these data it is
apparent that they apply only to
potato growers who plant mainly for
home consumption. This survey did
not sample the commercial growers
who plant potatoes on a large scale
and obtain greater yields.
Reporters indicated that they
planted potatoes with an average dis-
tance of 36 inches between rows.
About 35 percent said they used the
36 inch spacing between rows. A
spacing of 42 inches between rows
was reported by 19 percent of the
farms. Spacing between plants in the
row averages about 17 inches. In the
lighter soil areas of the state there is
a tendency to plant potatoes farther
apart in the row. The distance be-
tween plants in the rows most com-
monly reported was 18 inches-about
22 percent of all the farms reporting
use this distance. About 13 percent
of the farms reported that they plant
12 inches apart in rows.
The average depth of planting re-
ported on this survey was 4.2 inches
for the state, and there was little
difference between districts. The
northwest and the central districts
planted a little shallower than the
average and the southwestern district
somewhat deeper. About 42 percent
of the farms reported planting pota-U
toes at a depth of 4 inches. The sec-q
ond most common depth of planting
reported was 3 inches with 21 percent
of the reports tabulated in this group.
Seed Used Per Acre
In the amount of seed used per
acre the greatest variation in potato
planting practices on Wisconsin dairy
farms was found. The average for
the state as a whole was 10.8 bushels
per acre. Here again there was a
tendency to plant less seed per acre
on the lighter soils. The central sand
area reported an average of only 8.3
bushels per acre while the east-cen-
tral district reported an average of
16.4 bushels per acre. Eight bushels
per acre was most commonly re-
ported. About 17 percent of the farms  '
reported 8 bushels of seed used per
acre. Twelve bushels per acre was the
next most commonly reported with
about 15 percent of all reports using
this rate of planting.
Box .351
Foriii RA H:-A   - A ,0   7,021  Permit 1001
C. 'R
March     1950%

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