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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIV ([covers January 1935/December 1935])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIV, no. 4,   pp. [13]-16 PDF (2.2 MB)


Page 16


WISCONSIN CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
General Trend of Farm Prices and Purchasing Power
Wisconsin              __                United States'
Index Numbers of Wisconsin Farm Prices
(Average of prices January. 1910.-December. 1914 = 100)
2
4
.5
.i
99
0
1 0
,;i
99
12
101
102
106
Y9
120
176
192
205
200
123
119
116
138
152
142
143
148
:10
89
63
O4
76
67
74
73
71
69
68
71
80
951
83
84
82
94
100
104
3
.9
I
101
I1
I1
85
93
117
125
200
216
188
211
114
100
102
118
133
114
121
130
116
95
67
56
68
101
82
84
83
83
83
97
99
112
124
120
118
124
122
120
117
4
-9
2
101
85
95
110
111
101
119
175
200
209
173
102
107
99
103
133
145
136
145
152
129
85
55
53
59
48
58
a7
56
54
52
55
60
76
67
65
64
8S
913
106
__
98
103
105
104
103
123
169
200
224
226
134
131
165
140
150
150
167
170
162
129
91
70
76
85
75
85
87
81
81
84
82
86
87
89
95
99
108
112'
10C9
a
M1
t-
103
91
101
100
104
101
117
155
184
I95
219
160
141
141
146
160
158
144
153
160
124
95
80
70
85
78
75
74
72
72
65
88
84
99
104
120
108
III
120
98
7
1
.9
S
9
84
99
117
94
105
90
142
208
157
204
299
161
143
123
129
154
216
183
140
144
170
107
68
85
101
104
117
113
104
97
93
106
115
109
86
83
83
83
83
80
:i
'5.
100
100
90
102
108
89
151
216
254
218
215
116
127
129
142
169
154
97
71
9iY0
125
126
126
126
126
126
126
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
9
t
'S
e
103
118
I1I
82
85
89
103
133
173
172
172
1 19
123
121
130
115
119
121
115
114
99
90
82
80
106
87
89
91
96
99
104
101
119
117
124
124
126
130
135
133
Purchasing
Power    I
10
101
102
.10
1 .,
-o C
98
101
911
102
103
105
86
92
IIC
111
I01
101
89
73
90
84
62
62
101
101
101
8g
73
66
C4
67
67
C2
62
63
71
68'
71'
719
80'
83'
82'
11     12
200
89
103     97
104    100
104    103
98    104
99    117
113    124
114   133
111    143
112    171
88    168
88    154
109    147
92    139
96    130
97   125
109    122
110    120
106    119
89    117
73    104
65     81
70     80
64K----
71
72     80'
68
67
69
69
71'
759
799   -
869
883
83'
13
E'.
-4
,,, '
102
95
100
101
101
98
118
Is
202
213
211
125
132
142
143
156
145
139
149
146
126
87
65
70
90
77
83
84
82
8Z
86
87
96
103
102
I01
101
107
III
108
Index Numbers of United States Farm Prices
(Average of prices August, 1909--July, 1914 =100)
14
.9
104
96
106
92
102
120
126
217
227
233
232
112
106
113
129
157
131
128
130
120
100
63
44
62
93
76
79
78
77
78
89
91
106
112
109
109
116
115
114
111
15
.1
I1
103
87
95
108
112
104
120
174
203
207
174
109
114
107
110
140
147
140
151
156
133
92
63
60
68
55
65
66
64
64
64
66
68
82
74
72
73
96
105
117
IsO
i
I
99
95
10Z
105
102
103
109
135
163
186
198
156
143
159
149
153
152
155
158
157
137
108
83
82
96
84
92
95
91
91
93
94
97
99
100
105
107
112
121
114
I
I
I
_
i
A0.
104
91
100
101
106
101
116
155
186
209
223
162
141
146
149
163
159
144
153
162
129
100
82
75
89
82
78
74
72
72
72
76
86
104
108
125
119
114
119
97
in'
I
'3
101
102
94
107
91
82
100
118
172
178
IYI
157
174
137
125
172
138
144
176
141
162
98
82
74
100
86
87
97
96
110
137
113
101
93
98
94
85
87
90
90
.I
s-3
943
12
I-
150
153
143
121
102
140
102
102
10I
79
98
89
80
102
108
133
110
107
130
117
188
182
20
M
Si
I
U
113
101
87
97
85
77
119
187
245
247
248
101
156
216
212
177
122
128
152
144
102
63
47
64
89
82
93
94
94
80
94
99
107
110
107
107
109
108
108
102
'Prepared by the BuroAu of Agricultural Economics, United States Department
of Agriculture.
'Include3 potatoos, tobacco, cAnning peas, and clover seed.  'Includei dry
beans, lasx seed, hay, dry peas, sugar heets, and wool.
'The ratio of the Index number of prices received for Wisconsin farm products
to the revised United States Index number of prices paid for commodities
farmers boy.
'Theratioof theindex number of Wisconsin milk prices to tbe revised United
Statesindex numberof pricewpaid for commodities farmers buy.  'Average of
estimated values, 112-14 = 100
'These index numbors are bised on retail prices paid by farmers for commodities
used in living and production, reported quarterly for March, June, September,
and Decembller, reviswd
Indexes for other months are interpolations from the quarterly data.
'Purchasing power of the farmer's dollar expressed al the ratio of the index
of prices received to the revised index of prices paid for commodities farmers
buy.  1l'relinsirmiry.
fsorsJ June.  Marcstings of grass      fat
w,-llssrs  sillsl  yeaslissgs  will  be  greatly
r-sldus -, l.  In  ':iliforln s  assd   Ar'irizona  the
early lambs have developed rapidly to
ass ;siv -sag.- sitz  or better, and  their
s-odlitioll is vesy good.  lBecauss of 1c
d.   'lisill  its  Iseice s C tesl  abtit sls sisdt  feed
(';tliforssisl groxwers are holdilsg baLck
easterhn shipsssents.  IHesvy   shipments
are exlpetedl from Arizonia desring  lis.
Wnagem of 8F"artn Labor
F'srin   wasgs-S   by   thls   nssnnlls  wvith
blusssd  have g.sisled  over  50  perss-sst sissc.-
J nlatssa ry   atissd   ass-  abislut  24  Ipercenst
higher than     a year ago.     Althougls
t hess Ias beent a markeld incsease ovs r
aL ye sr agso, fasts, wgesgc art still about
19 percent bselow the 1910-14 avvrage.
On April 1 Wiscoissin cr0op reporters inl-
iea C I6-s  tliLt  tlb-  aVsI-s;Ige  W Issg's   b)einlg
psid to hined bells xvWee Is follosss   by
the month with board $22.00, by the
month without board $32.76, by the day
with board $1.05, and by the day with-
out board $1.50. April 1 farm wages
liavs  lh  --s   its s- .asitsg   grasd suaslly   sit .(.,,
the low tsolit of April 1, 1933.
Althloighl thes supply of lssor is misc.
thatn iormnial, it hIS slsits pslfd frion  1!
lsetrc-tnt abovse  norinal tis  4  plerc-ent
above durissg the p.5st y-:r, .snd the
de mannd for hilred hb1p ross frosss 74 t.
82 pese-nt osf tnormal dstrints the pcsst
yen r.   The   greater   eIts)loy  ssIsst  oit
f:srnis in Wissonsins is shown by the
fast th:t onl April 1 there wsrs 49 hirssl
vWorksrs ps-r 1 (0 farms   ss sslIsp  s
withl 47 it yets ago.
Ilrleen of Fasrm 1'rodulctn
After five mossths of continuous rise,
theI-  W iscsonsits f  rilsr  price  itsdex  showss -
some downturn from February to
Macch. I)eclines in prices of milk atid
poultry produtcts were largely respots-
sible for the downturn which took
nlace. Theb avs-rasge price of Wisconsin
tssilk  fsrt  all  ustiliz stissss.  fot   Assrleb  wIts
$1.34, compare d to $1.42 pvr hundre d-
weight a montis earlier.    This wIts at
decline of 8 Cenlts fiom   ths plevious
month biut at rise of 24 cents above ths-
ssi tue nsossth a yvar ago. Milk utilizsed
by cheese factories brought $1.29 per
hundrie-sdweight tsr a deelins of 8 (t-ts
be-low last mosth. The prisc- p. id for
milk itsesd by c c,-Lnleries was $1.28 per
hlsndredws-ight, csompsredl tIs $1.36 th1
previous month. Milk used by condenl-
set-ies btrought $1.47, whish was a drop
of 8 cetsts from  the previoxis ms)nth.
Ill.1i utilized for market milk dt-lintd
!; ert-ts below  thl  previous month to
$1 .,11  p.sr  lisndrrdwelght  fot  MasciI.
A very sharp decline in thel lssl nx of
the poultry products group wvts largely
due to a decline in the price of -ggs,
while   ehicken  prices  showed    some
downturn    as  well. Livestock   prices
were the only bright spot on the pric-e-
horizon, showing    an  increase  of 13
points  shove   the  proeeding   month.
This rise was due to Ia very slh:rp itn-
crease in the prices of hogs, beft tat-
tle, and   veal calves    While   sheep
showed some upturn, lanibs shosswed a
slight decline.  All the otIlthe  groups
showesd minor declines of frotss 1 to 3
poiits below the previons moith. 'T'he
ratio of prices received to plriees paid
decllined from 83 percetet for F"eblruary
to 82 percent of pie-war      evs ls for
March.
United Staeten u'strsn Pricem
The index of prices receivssl by all
fsarmers of the United StIates dsclilned
three points from last moisth to 108
ivrel-lit, of pre-war levels for Mareh.
While the meat animnils groutls showed
ass insrtease of 12 polits above the pre-
viOus month, this ilncrease wIas offset
by severe declines in poultry pirodlucts
groups, clairy prodlucts group, ssnd trumlk
crops group as well as the cottost ants
cottonseed group. The grain group
showsd a very slight deeliine while the
fruits group rematinsed ste-ady. The ill-
dex of prices paid by fas-mers of the
Ussited States for commodities bought
increased from  127 percent of pre-war
fsor February to 128 percent for March,
aI rise of onse point. The ratio of prices
received to psiees paid declined three
points to 84 percent of pre-war levels
for March.
16
Ii
ER
R.E
Ca
*0
99
9'
1l
102
104
105
101
122
173
196
214
203
128
125
137
128
144
151
154
156
155
129
90
66
70
81
71
80
80
76
75
76
77
83
89
86
89
90
101
106
105'
9-
1910 ------
19151  .- -
1912   .-- -
1913  -- -
1914   .-- -
19I9  -- -
1926 --- -
19217.-
19 18  ----
19230  .--
19214 -  -   -
19225  ----
192 13 -
1924 - ----
I928 ---
1926   .
1927  .
9931 -2
1932 - ---
1933    -
1934 --
Jan.
Feb. -_
Mar
Apr..
May
June .
July
Aug.. -
Sept.
Oct.
No._
Dec.
1935
Jan.
Feb. _
Mar.
Purchasing
Power
104    .
14
100
100    100
101    103
93    103
95    108
117    117
115    120
105    140
105    170
82    157
89    139
93    135
94    130
99    124
94    127
91    1 19
96    117
95    116
87    III
70    108
61     88
64     73
66
70
70       P
68    -
68
10    --  -
71   - -  -
77   ..
82
81' - ----
8 0 '  - - .-- -
809   --
859    --
879
849   --- -
of
Zl
I
t-o
01
100
*00
105
124
149
176
202
201
152
149
152
152
157
155
153
155
153
145
124
107
109
iii
119
120
120
121
122
122
125
126
1269
1269
1269
1269
127'
1289
,    , _, _ _, ,,  _   _ _ _,,
.. :
A:
A
-0-
...
... , .- S
I{i I
| on
l
l
l ,
I


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