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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIII ([covers January 1934/December 1934])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIII, no. 7,   pp. [25]-28 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 27

While grains have made substantial
improvement particularly in the north-
ern three-fourths of the state, the crop
will still be light. It is estimated that
the combined crop of oats and barley
will be only a little over 69 million
bushels which is the smallest supply of
these grains since 1007. The corn crop
has good 1)rospects.
Cash crops which show an increase
in acreage have varied prospects. The
potato crop with a condition of 82 per-
cent is better than a year ago. Can-
ning peas are again a poor crop this
year the lowest yields being reported
in the early varieties. l)ry peas, of
which there is an increased acreage.
are reported to be in good condition.
Dry beans are in much better condition
than a year ago and about average in
Fruit production in the state will be
lower than usual. The condition of ap-
ples indicates a crop of only a little
over half that of a year ago. Cherry
production likewise will be ImIuch under
last year in Wisconsin.
United States Crops
The crop situation for the United
States is less promising than at this
season in any recent year and little if
any brighter than it was a month ago
according to the July estimates of the
Crop Reporting Board of the United
States Department of Agriculture. The
nearly normal rainfall during June In
the Dakotas, Minnesota, and Wisconsin
where conditions are wvorst, and the
lighter ratins elsewhere in the Corn
Belt revived pastures and meadows
somewhat, brought up grain that had
Iteni seeded in the dust, hbl ped soum
late-sown spring grain, an d 10 rillitted
what is pro loibly it record alcreage o
iniergency crops to be pIlanted. Raills
also saved crops in Central anid West-
ern Montana and relieved the shortage
oif stock water in much of the north-
ern rang' alea. Small grains aniid ea i'lv
hay crops, which are ordinarily grown
on about half of the total crop acrealge,
were too far advanced to show more
than partial re-covelry even where the
drought was effectively broken by the
iilell of June. A large acreage of
spling grain has already been lost. In-
stead of the 69 million acres of spring
wheat, oats and barley   ixpecteid in
March, probably less than 54 million
acres of these crops will be harvested
for grain. Most of the corn, sorghum,
soy beans, and other late crops were
planted on well prepared land alnd i
' some areas tire off to a good start but
over considerable areas stands are ir-
r gular and more rain is badly neededi.
Whlile much depends oln growing col -
.ditions dluring the remainder of the
season, the present outlook is that cr01
yields will be low.ver than  ill ally  l,'t'el t
yiar and a.bouit 11 perce'nt below the
average during the last 13 years. Due
to acleag' reo u ction p1oganns a d to
losses from drought, the total acreage
of field crops harvested will probably
hfe the lowest in 25 years. The wheat,
oats, barley, rye, and flax crops are
each expected to be the smallest har-
vested in this country in 30 years and
the corn crop is expected to be Ihe
smallest in that period except for the
crop of 1990. Hay production is ex-
peeted to be 22 percent lowel' than in
any previous season during the 15 year
period for which comparable estimates
are available and pastures are far
Poorer than at this date in any of the
last 50 years.
July Dalry Report
Some recovery il Wisconsin milk
production was reported for July 1 bv
crop correspondents. While the milk
production per cow on July 1 was
about 2 percent less than     twelve
months earlier, the level of milk pro-
duction is relatively higher than for
the past few months when milk pro-
fruction per cow has been about 10 per-
cent below that of the same period last
year. The number of cows o0l farms as
reported by crop correspondents is
greater than on July 1, 1913, and more
cows are being milked. With this sit-
uation existing, the milk production
level as indicated by milk production
per farm is slightly above last year at
this time. Although the condition of
pastures on July 1 at 42 percent of nor-
m1ial is exceedingly low and is the same
as for June 1, the pasturing of road-
sides, marshes and other available
areas together with some pasturing of
fields originally intended for hty or
small grains has contributed to tile
higher level of milk production for
July 1.  Probably the most important
factor in raising milk production to the
present level as compared to a year ago
in spite of poor pastures has been an
appreciable increase this year in the
proportion of cows freshening during
May and June. The production per cow
of 19.28 pounds the first of this month
was slightly greater than on June 1,
the first season since 1929 that July 1
production has exceeded that of a
month earlier.
On the first of this month cattle were
receiving 9 percent less feed from pas.
ture as compared with a year earlier,
while on June 1 the decrease from the
same date last year was 12 percent.
The quantity of grain and concentrates
fed daily per cowv in the herds of dairy
correspondents as reported ablout July
1 showed an increase of 53 percent as
compared with the quantity being fetd
last yeal on the sante datt. This in-
crease came in spite of the fOet that
the feed buying power of milks RWas hilt
81 pounds of feed per 10() pounds of
milk in June of this year as compar'ed
to 119 pounds during the same nttltth
last year.
Milk ProductIon
July 1
July1 n sa
July I July 1 1923-_ % of
1934   19:1:3 :11 aV. 193 31
Per fainr - 2S9.3 287.2 323.8 100.S
Per cow
milked --- 22.09 22.4# 25.76 9#.3
Per cow
In herd ___ 19.28 19.73 22.25 97.7
United States
Per c'ow
Ia herd --- 14.98  13.29 17.15 98.0
United States Milk Production
For the United States milk ploduc-
tion per cow continues to average be-
low production for the samni month in
any year, back   to 1925.  Production
per cow wlas extremely lo'v ill thin more
severe d(iought areas but was a'v' lrag-
ing above last year in some of the luid
mtil k nrt'as particularly in til- North-
east. Total imilk prloduction on July 1
was  lPllarently fairly ('lose  to last
year's level for the decrease of 2 p'r-
cent in production per cow was offset,
in  part  at  least,  by  some  ill('to ase  ilt
tht Inltlllbers of milk cows on farms Is
compared with July 1 last year. How-
ever, the decline in milk produletion per
(o'w (luring June was liss than shown
for  that  ntitnth  ilt ailty  of  the  last  foitl
ye'ars in spite of the continued dilrought
and short supplies of grain and hay itt
many areas. While pastures improved
ilurilig June in some drought armf'ts aind
many farmers were pasturing grain
fields and  roadsides, the  relatively
well-maintained production per cow
compared to June 1 appears to have
been due largely to an increase in the
proportion of the cows which fresheied
in May tand June compared with fresh-
enings in these months in other years
since 1930.
Cold storage holdings of creamery
butter on July 1 of 70,249.000 pounds
were' the smallest for that date since
1928, were 36 million pounds less than
last year, and were more than 25 mil-
lion pounds less than the 5-year aver-
gi' for  . ily  1.  Thb.  intto-stor gtge  move-
nielnt of butter during June totaled 43
million pounds as compared to 71 mil-
lion for the same month last year, and
60 million pounds, the 5-year average
for June. American cheese cold stor-
age stocks on July 1 of 79,554,000
illllds w,'re the largest for that date
in the 19 years of the reordl, naild 1S
percelit greater than for July 1 last
year, and 22 percent above the 5-year
average. Storage   holdings of Swviss
cheese on July 1 of 7,790,0O00 poulids
were three and one-thilrd times the
holdings of a year earlier a(lid were 76
percent larger than the 5-year averlage
July 1 stocks.
United States Cold Storage holdings
(000 omitted)
July 1
July 1 July 1   Av.
1934*   19:33 19129-33
Creamery butter,
lbs.    - --------70,249  10(1,378 195,6111
All cheese, Ilb. _9ff,473  78,713 80,4111
AmerIcan, lbs. _79,554  417,4541 63,2:32
SwIss, lbs.     7 790   2,:122  4,420
All other, lb.__ 9,129  8,937 10,764
Eggs In shell,
ecases -      __ 8,903  91,314  8,81)3
Eggs, shell and
frozen. case
equlvalent _.-12,2S8  12.34W  11,847
* Preliminary.
Egg I'roduction
Egg production on the farml's of Wis-
consin crop reporters July 1 was 7 per-
cent greater than on the same date laust
year and S percelnt above thi 1927-::1
average. An increase of 3.4 plercelit ill
the rate of laying and all iltcrease of
3.5 percent in the number of helns o01
farms  lre responisil)le fur the higher
level of egg ploduction this July 1 as
compared to a year earlier.
Latest reports show a1 leducti ln of 11
pi '('ent as co p11ri' d to tast yea r arid 8
plrcelit as coml)parid to the 5-yealr av-
erage in thie nurilel' of chickens from
this yt'ar's hatchilg whiech are  1w olii
farms. Uliless egg plrices take a favor-
able  turIl  1s5 coiip 1red  to  f  eil pr ics, it
apppears that the nIlmb r of Itlycrs in
Wisconsi I flocks this 'oming Wilnttl
mtly be considerably lower than ulsual.
It p)l'ics for chickens remain relatively
unfavorable, however, even wvith  omin-
paratively  low  feed  sulpplies, fewt'r
than the us11l number of old1 hers may
be culled out and xt lar'g'r pI'oportiolt
of the pullets kept which wotlill tenld
to hold the total nuilber (f layers
letarer to former levels.
The total farm production of eggs in
the United States on July 1 was ailboiit I
percelnt gleater than oIl that lat  ill
1933, bht 7 percent less thin ill 1)::2
and 13 percelnt less thalt the July 1 av-
erage for the years 1927-31. The d'-
cl'eas below the, 5-year av'rage is dite
both  to  a  smallel  mutiotel'  if  1lins  itt
farm  flocks and to a srlallel' lmilb'r
of eggs laid per hen.
PrIces of Farm lProdurcts
WiseolIsin milk prices registelred an
upturn for Julle, the first uptltIn tI It
has beell shown siice   Mlarch for milk
for all tIses. Thi average milk price'
for JulIe was $1.04 which lepresents a
rise of 2 enIts above the May price and
I cent above J1Ibe4 a yeal' ago.
Milk  deliveled  for  Is' in  cheese
showed the greatest lIptuilll with all ill-
crease of 5 cents to $.97 while milk for
creameries and condenseries followed
wvith  a 4 cent advance. Milk     used
for hbtter  aIs $1.04 for June compared
to $1.00 fol May. Milk utsed by con-
denseries brought $1.14 for June com-
tilied to $1.11 for May. Market milk
distributors paid an average price of
1.:33 per hundredweight for milk for
June compared to $1.30 for May.
Other Wisconsin farm products which
followed milk in the upturn were hogs,
hay, clover seed, and all of the grailns.
The Index for all grl'in incriased 14
points over May. Barley led the group
to higher levels by an advance of 14
cents from 57 to 71 cents for Junl'.
Some of the farm   prodilcts which de-
dlined were beef cattle, veal calves,
milk cows, sheep, lambs, wool, horses,
potatoes, chickens, and eggs. Chickii
prices showed the greatest percentage
decline from 11.2 cents for May to 9.1
'ents for June 15. All of the changes
In prices resulted in an Increase of 1

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