Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Russell, H. L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 67: the farm outlook for 1919 and the spring drive PDF (1.0 MB)
opportunity to push this kind of farming more energetically than ever before with the best possible assurance that a good quality of products will find a ready demand. EUROPE NEEDS MILK No nation can rear its youth as successfully without milk as with it, and war-scarred Europe today is unable to furnish even its children with this essential food for growth. Serbia and Poland are nearly childless because starvation has-snuffed out the lives of their young. All Europe is greatly in need of condensed milk. In the year ending June 30, 1918, the United States shipped nearly 530,000,000 pounds of condensed milk; enough as fresh milk to make a milk train over 450 miles long, reaching half way from Wisconsin to the Atlantic seaboard. Wisconsin's condensed milk outlook. Wisconsin is in a specially favor- able position to meet the demand for condensed milk if it is possible to arrange to finance shipments. Wisconsin condenseries, made in 1918 approxi- mately 400,000,000 pounds of condensed product, or two-thirds of all the con- densed milk sent to Europe. Moreover the state is in a position to make this product economically. Condenseries located within the market milk zone of larger cities must com- pete for raw material with the higher priced city supply. Twenty-three Wis- consin condenseries are located outside of the market milk zone of Chicago and Milwaukee. Even with the freight handicap to the seaboard, the milk belt of the middle west is able to compete with the east. The release of the embargo on shipments to all points except Europe shows, however, the neces- sity of America will soon be under to establish a trade that will consume the enormous increase in this product that has been developed within the last few years. It is improbable that Europe will continuously take large quantities. Cheese. The export of cheese depends wholly upon the price. With increased shipping facilities, England can now secure large quantities of cheese from her own dominions; and at much lower prices than those now paid in America. However, the great prosperity of the South by virtue of war prices for cotton has stimulated the consumption of cheese. The high price of meats has also led to an increased use of this high protein food as a sub- stitute. Over 41,000,000 pounds more of Cheddar cheese were consumed in the United States the first half of 1918 than during the same period of 1917. With a marked reduction in storage stocks this fall and with this home demand, the question of continued exports is not as vital as is the condensed milk situation, but great opportunities exist for Wisconsin to keep her main dairy product prominently to the fore. No other state begins to compare with Wisconsin in cheese production. In 1917 she produced nearly two-thirds of all the cheddar and more than 70 per cent of all the Swiss cheese made in America. Butter. During, this era of high prices butter has been relatively lower than any other form of dairy products. However, since the government com- mandeered so large a part of storage stocks, the advance in price has put butter more nearly on a par with other dairy products. There is such a world shortage of fats, and especially butter fat, that it seems likely that prices will not go back to former levels, even though production will doubt- less be stimulated this coming season. However, it does not appear likely that American butter, will be much in demand in Europe if a cheaper product can be secured from any other source. The margarines will doubtless be much used where the question of cost is foremost. The increased production of butter in the United States amounted to only 16,500,000 pounds this last -year (closing August 31) but even at the materially higher price now pre- vailing, fine quality of product is scarce. No doubt the use Qf nut margarines will increase if butter remains at present prices as it has this past year, but animal oleo is apparently not being used in increasing amount even though the margin in price between it and butter is the widest ever known. -1
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