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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Russell, H. L.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 67: the farm outlook for 1919 and the spring drive PDF (1.0 MB)



opportunity to push this kind of farming more energetically than ever before
with the best possible assurance that a good quality of products will find
a
ready demand.
                        EUROPE NEEDS MILK
    No nation can rear its youth as successfully without milk as with it,
and
war-scarred Europe today is unable to furnish even its children with this
essential food for growth. Serbia and Poland are nearly childless because
starvation has-snuffed out the lives of their young. All Europe is greatly
in
need of condensed milk. In the year ending June 30, 1918, the United States
shipped nearly 530,000,000 pounds of condensed milk; enough as fresh milk
to make a milk train over 450 miles long, reaching half way from Wisconsin
to the Atlantic seaboard.
    Wisconsin's condensed milk outlook. Wisconsin is in a specially favor-
able position to meet the demand for condensed milk if it is possible to
arrange to finance shipments. Wisconsin condenseries, made in 1918 approxi-
mately 400,000,000 pounds of condensed product, or two-thirds of all the
con-
densed milk sent to Europe.
    Moreover the state is in a position to make this product economically.
Condenseries located within the market milk zone of larger cities must com-
pete for raw material with the higher priced city supply. Twenty-three Wis-
consin condenseries are located outside of the market milk zone of Chicago
and
Milwaukee. Even with the freight handicap to the seaboard, the milk belt
of the middle west is able to compete with the east. The release of the
embargo on shipments to all points except Europe shows, however, the neces-
sity of America will soon be under to establish a trade that will consume
the enormous increase in this product that has been developed within the
last few years. It is improbable that Europe will continuously take large
quantities.
    Cheese. The export of cheese depends wholly upon the price. With
increased shipping facilities, England can now secure large quantities of
cheese
from her own dominions; and at much lower prices than those now paid in
America. However, the great prosperity of the South by virtue of war prices
for cotton has stimulated the consumption of cheese. The high price of
meats has also led to an increased use of this high protein food as a sub-
stitute. Over 41,000,000 pounds more of Cheddar cheese were consumed in
the United States the first half of 1918 than during the same period of 1917.
With a marked reduction in storage stocks this fall and with this home
demand, the question of continued exports is not as vital as is the condensed
milk situation, but great opportunities exist for Wisconsin to keep her main
dairy product prominently to the fore. No other state begins to compare
with Wisconsin in cheese production. In 1917 she produced nearly two-thirds
of all the cheddar and more than 70 per cent of all the Swiss cheese made
in
America.
    Butter. During, this era of high prices butter has been relatively lower
than any other form of dairy products. However, since the government com-
mandeered so large a part of storage stocks, the advance in price has put
butter more nearly on a par with other dairy products. There is such a
world shortage of fats, and especially butter fat, that it seems likely that
prices will not go back to former levels, even though production will doubt-
less be stimulated this coming season. However, it does not appear likely
that American butter, will be much in demand in Europe if a cheaper product
can be secured from any other source. The margarines will doubtless be
much used where the question of cost is foremost. The increased production
of butter in the United States amounted to only 16,500,000 pounds this last
-year (closing August 31) but even at the materially higher price now pre-
vailing, fine quality of product is scarce. No doubt the use Qf nut margarines
will increase if butter remains at present prices as it has this past year,
but
animal oleo is apparently not being used in increasing amount even though
the margin in price between it and butter is the widest ever known.
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