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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Schindler, L. M.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 61: heating the farm home PDF (1.1 MB)



the grate depends on the draft required. Shaking the fire after light appears
irD
the-ash pit may waste fuel by permitting partly burned fuel to drop from
the
firepot. A deep fire bed allows the absorption of the greatest amount of
heat
by the heating chamber and prevents the formation of "dead spots"
which cool
the fire. The top of the fire bed should be kept even with the firing door
in
cold weather.
      A size of coal which will not readily fail through the grate should
be
selected. Screened coal of the large sizes is most satisfactory where difficulty
is encountered in obtaining sufficient draft. Opening a window in the base-
ment may increase the draft at times.
SOFT COAL CAN BE ECONOMICALLY USED IN AN ORDINARY FURNACE
      As soft coal is heated large quantities of combustible gases are released.
Proper conditions must be maintained in the heater for the combustion of
these
gases or they are lost as smoke and represent, a considerable fuel loss.
To
secure the maximum amount of heat, soft coal must be fired frequently. Before
adding a charge of green coal push part of the live coal back to make room
for the new charge. Do not cover more than half of the grate with green coal
Leave the draft door at the ash pit and the draft slide in the firing door
open.
The latter adjustment allows air to enter at the top of the fire bed. The
air
mixes with the gases and the mixture burns as it comes in contact with the
                                             flames from the live coal. After
                                             Most of the gases have been
                                             .   riven off, spread the charge
      SAVE COAL by uswing wood for        over the entire grate and close
              fueL  farmers  can  save     the slides in the firing door.
   fueL    Xny    farmers can     save      thRegulate the draft and check
   money by burning wood.                   damper so as to secure the
                                             proper room temperature. If
                                             both bard and soft coal are
used
                                             in the same heater, best results
 can be obtained by firing with soft coal during the day and banking the
fire
 with hard coal at night.
        WOOD 18 THE CHEAPEST FUEL TO USE ON MANY FARMS
        Farmers who have a woodlot can effect a big saving by using wood
in
 place of coal. Wood can be cut during the winter when there is little fetm
 work to do. Wood can be burned successfully in an ordinary furnace. Its
use
 requires more frequent firing than with coal, but a wood fire wiln heat
a house
 more rapidly. It may be found difficult to "hold fire" for Any
length of time
 unless all joints and doors of the heater fit practically airtight. Banking
with
 ashes will reduce the draft and "hold the fire" for a longer period.
Wood burn-
 ing furnaces can be purchased which will burn wood of cord lengths. These
 heaters are designed to burn wood at a much slower rate than the ordinary
 furnace and therefore less frequent firing is required.
                GET READY TO SAVE FUEL THIS WINTER
       Save coal this coming season by putting your heating system in first
 class condition before autumn. Substitute wood for coal if practical.


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