Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Schindler, L. M.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 61: heating the farm home PDF (1.1 MB)
Too large a heater will operate to the best advantage only In cold P weather. In mild weather it may be difficult to keep the entire grate covered with live coal without overheating the house. A partially covered grate allows an excess of air to pass through the firepot and increases the loss of heat through the chimney. Heating contractors or manufacturers of heating appa- ratus should be consulted regarding the proper size to install. PUT ON WEATHER STRIPS AND STORM WINDOWS A well built house is easily heated. The use of insulating material in the construction of the house aids in keeping it warm in the winter. Weather strips keep out cold air and save fuel. Storm sash well fitted are even more effective. Loose fitting doors and windows should be repaired. They allow a large heat loss. Hot air heating systems are usually provided with both a fresh air and a return cold air duct. The fresh air duct should be closed and the return air duct opened when only a few persons are in the house. This will avoid heating a large quantity of cold outside air and the heater will operate with less fuel. There will be enough air leakage around doors and windows to provide ventilation for a few persons. For a number of occupants, the fresh air duct should be used in preference to the return duct, or both ducts might be left partly open. When using the fresh air duct, ventilation may be aided by opening a fireplace damper or providing some other means of escape for the foul air. MOIST AIR "WARMER" THAN DRY AIR Moist air saves fuel. A moist atmosphere at a temperature of 650 F. Is more comfortable than a dry temperature of 72° F. This dif- C ference of 70 in room tempera- SAVE COAL by operating your ture will effect a saving of about t heating plant economiclly.- Burn 15 or 20 per cent in fuel. The water pan as usually installed in lea coal and utilize a large per- the outer casing of a warm 1ir furnace is not effective because centage of the avaihable heat. too little vapor is given off. The evaporating pan should be placed at the top of the heating cham- ber just above the dome. A large surface of water should be exposed to the air of the heating chamber. A special valve attached to a steam radiator allows the escape of sufficient steam into the room to moisten the air. The only prac- tical means of adding moisture to the air, when using a hot water heating system or coal stove, is the keeping of a pan of water on the stove or kitchen range. AU interior doors must be left open to allow the vapor to be distributed throughout the house. This method may appear insignificant but it is well worth while. KEEP THE TEMPERATURE UNIFORM A heating system requires regular attention.' Aim to keep the house at a uniform temperature throughout the day and fire the furnace at regular inter- vals. Wide changes in room temperature require complete checking or exces- sive draft for the heater. This lets heat escape through the chimney. Infre- quent firing of large amounts of fuel allows the escape of large quantities of unburned gases which is wasteful. A furnace regulator assists in keeping the house at a uniform temperature and this aids in saving fuel. The loss. of fuel through the grate may be reduced to a minimum by allowing ashes to accumulate on top of the grate. This will also protect the grates from being warped by excessive heat. The amount of ashes to leave on 145
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