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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Schindler, L. M.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 61: heating the farm home PDF (1.1 MB)



     Too large a heater will operate to the best advantage only In cold 
         P
weather. In mild weather it may be difficult to keep the entire grate covered
with live coal without overheating the house. A partially covered grate allows
an excess of air to pass through the firepot and increases the loss of heat
through the chimney. Heating contractors or manufacturers of heating appa-
ratus should be consulted regarding the proper size to install.
          PUT ON WEATHER STRIPS AND STORM WINDOWS
      A well built house is easily heated. The use of insulating material
in
the construction of the house aids in keeping it warm in the winter. Weather
strips keep out cold air and save fuel. Storm sash well fitted are even more
effective. Loose fitting doors and windows should be repaired. They allow
a
large heat loss. Hot air heating systems are usually provided with both a
fresh air and a return cold air duct. The fresh air duct should be closed
and
the return air duct opened when only a few persons are in the house. This
will
avoid heating a large quantity of cold outside air and the heater will operate
with less fuel. There will be enough air leakage around doors and windows
to
provide ventilation for a few persons. For a number of occupants, the fresh
air
duct should be used in preference to the return duct, or both ducts might
be
left partly open. When using the fresh air duct, ventilation may be aided
by
opening a fireplace damper or providing some other means of escape for the
foul air.
                  MOIST AIR "WARMER" THAN DRY AIR
       Moist air saves fuel. A moist atmosphere at a temperature of 650 F.
Is
                                             more comfortable than a dry
                                             temperature of 72° F. This
dif-        C
                                             ference of 70 in room tempera-
      SAVE COAL by operating your         ture will effect a saving of about
    t
    heating plant economiclly.- Burn      15 or 20 per cent in fuel. The
                                              water pan as usually installed
in
    lea  coal and utilize a large per-    the outer casing of a warm  1ir
                                              furnace is not effective because
    centage of the avaihable heat.        too little vapor is given off.
The
                                              evaporating pan should be placed
                                              at the top of the heating cham-
 ber just above the dome. A large surface of water should be exposed to the
air
 of the heating chamber. A special valve attached to a steam radiator allows
 the escape of sufficient steam into the room to moisten the air. The only
prac-
 tical means of adding moisture to the air, when using a hot water heating
 system or coal stove, is the keeping of a pan of water on the stove or kitchen
 range. AU interior doors must be left open to allow the vapor to be distributed
 throughout the house. This method may appear insignificant but it is well
 worth while.
                    KEEP THE TEMPERATURE UNIFORM
        A heating system requires regular attention.' Aim to keep the house
at
  a uniform temperature throughout the day and fire the furnace at regular
inter-
  vals. Wide changes in room temperature require complete checking or exces-
  sive draft for the heater. This lets heat escape through the chimney. Infre-
  quent firing of large amounts of fuel allows the escape of large quantities
of
  unburned gases which is wasteful. A furnace regulator assists in keeping
the
  house at a uniform temperature and this aids in saving fuel.
        The loss. of fuel through the grate may be reduced to a minimum by
  allowing ashes to accumulate on top of the grate. This will also protect
the
  grates from being warped by excessive heat. The amount of ashes to leave
on
         145


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