Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Schindler, L. M.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 61: heating the farm home PDF (1.1 MB)
Heating The Farm Home Many fuel bills may be reduced by a fourth or even a half. Next winter, whether we heat our homes with stoves or plants, we win need to save fuel. A good heating system, 'properly installed and carefully operated, will furnish twice as much heat to the rooms, from the same amount of fuel, as many systems now in use. A cheap or worn out heater will waste enough fuel in a few seasons to pay for a good heating plant. See that you get an efficient heater, when you buy, and have a reliable contractor Install and guarantee your heating plant. GET FURNACE READY FOR WINTER USE-NOWI A. heater should be inspected during the summer. Warped or broken parts, cracked castings, poor fitting doors should be repaired or replaced this summer or early in the fall. These defects allow too much air to pass through the firepot and increase the loss of heat through the chimney. Airtight joints in the firepot and at the base of the furnace prevent an excess of air from passing through the firepot and keep fuel gases from entering the heating chamber in the case SAVE COAL this coming winter of a hot air heating system. The heater and all pipes by putting your heating plant in whether hot air, steam, or hot first class condition NOW. water, should be insulated to prevent heat loss. Pipes for a hot air system must be of suffi- cient size and properly arranged. I' you find difficulty in heating a room, a larger pipe to this room may remedy it. A return pipe, placed along the ceiling in the basement or near and parallel with a warm afr pipe, will usually result in a poor circulation of air between the heater and rooms. A STRAIGHT CHIMNEY SAVES HEAT A good chimney is essential to the successful operation of the heating plant. The chimney flue should be straight from top to bottom and the walls airtight throughout. A leaky chimney has poor draft and heat is wasted to secure the draft. It may be difficult at times to secure sufficient combustion to heat the house. The smoke pipe from the furnace must -not project beyond the Suie lining of the chimney. The projection would obstruct the smoke passage. The top of a chimney should be higher than the ridge of the roof or any nearby object to prevent down drafts. FURNACE MUST BE BIG ENOUGH-BUT NOT TOO BIG The heater must be of the proper size to heat the house well. A furnace which is too small will require undue "forcing" in extreme weather and may not be able to heat the house to a comfortable temperature. "Forcing" a ire means wasting fuel and a shorter life for the heater.
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