Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Hadley, F. B.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 57: how to care for sick animals PDF (945.2 KB)
The temperature of the stall should be about 50 degrees in winter and as cool as possible in summer. Before being used for another animal the stall should be thoroughly disinfected with a reliable coal- tar disinfectant prepared according to the directions on the original package. PROVIDE SUITABLE PROTECTION Blankets to protect against cold and dampness are an essential part of the hospital equipment. Medium weight wool blankets are best for use in the sick stall as too heavy covering hinders the skin from per- forming its work. These should be removed and sun-dried whenever they become damp. Light cotton sheets are more suitable for summer use and afford protection from attacks by flies. Bandages support the legs and materially assist in keeping them warm and also from stock- ing. Those made of flannel are preferable, although woven cotton ban- dages have the advantage of being very elastic. Bandages should be changed at least twice daily and at each change the legs given a thor- ough hand-rubbing to stimulate the circulation of the blood. The application of a milk liniment comlposed of equal parts of alcohol and witch hazel will be found beneficial at this time. Care must be taken when applying bandages to keep them from wrinkling and to roll them from below upward so as not to impede the flow of blood in the veins. FEED PROPER FOOD Only sound, easily digested food should be given the sick animal. At should be fed in small quantities but at frequent intervals. Any that is refused should be removed promptly to avoid its becoming tainted or fermented from the action of saliva. As the appetite is a reliable indication of the requirements of the body, it ought to be catered to and watched. While- it is unwise to force food on an animal "off feed," those suffering from debilitating diseases should be tempted with appetizing food. Green feeds aid the bowels and liver in their work of eliminating body wastes. When the latter accumulate they cause constipation, depression, and fever. The most suitable foods'for siclk animals are green grass, roots, and bran mashes. A little common salt is helpful in stimulating the appetite and increasing the pala- tability of the food. It also aids in the important processes of diges- tion, absorption, and nutrition. SUPPLY PURE WATER Fresh water should be kept constantly within reach, as it is im- portant in washing poisons out of the body. It is also essential in aiding digestion. A feverish patient will zinse out its mouth frequently if a pail of fresh water is near. Little water should be allowed animals
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