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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin

Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin 40: feed an economic dairy ration PDF (900.9 KB)

     Feed An Economic Dairy Ration
     The first step in feeding economical dairy rations is to learn the
capacity and ability of cows to produce milk. Economical feeding is
based on milk production, and it is, therefore, important to weigh
the milk of each cow at each milking and to know, at least approxi-
mately, the amount of butter fat it contains. The true dairyman rids
his herd as soon as he can of all but bred-for-production cows.
    Provide Cows with Comfort and Plenty of Water. However good
a ration may be, it will not be economical if cows are not kept comfort-
able and in good physical condition. House them in clean, comfort-
able, well lighted and properly ventilated stables and do not turn
them out during the winter for a longer period each day than they
apparently enjoy being out. Two or three times daily provide the
herd with pure fresh water which is not colder than that from a deep
well. An abundance of water is necessary for milk production. Where
cows are not watered in the barn, a tank heater will prove profitable.
     Feed Cows According to Their Production and Stage of Lactation.
 Feed fresh cows sparingly for the first few days after calving and
 do not allow them to become chilled. Water with the chill removed.
 a few quarts of scalded bran or oats, and good hay, is sufficient for
 a cow the first day or two after she has calved. The condition of the
 cow should determine the manner in which she is fed following this
 period. Ordinarily it requires two to three weeks to get cows back te
 full feed. Be careful not to overfeed or allow the cow to get off feel
 or out of condition.
      A complete ration for a cow weighing approximately 1,000 pounds
  may be made by feeding one pound of grain mixture for every three

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