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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin

Jones, E. R.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 23: making dry the wet places PDF (903.6 KB)

Making Dry the Wet Places
   In the State of Wisconsin there are seven million acres of mud.
Much of this has been built up by the washings from the surrounding
high lands. It needs drainage to make it productive.
  What Do Drains Do? They lead damaging water around a field
or hasten its passage through it. They carry water from the surface
of the ground and from between the soil grains.
   Why Use Tile? Because if properly laid they remain for a life-
time at the depth to which they were laid and you do not have to
dodge them, or build a bridge to cross them.
   How Much Does Tiling Cost? Aside from the outlet, ten to forty
rods of 4-inch tile may be required per acre. This costs about 75
cents a rod for tile and labor if laid three feet deep. If laid four
feet deep they cost more per rod but they may be eight rods apart
where they would have to be four rods apart if only three feet apart.
   How Much Is Tiling Worth?                ,      , Wisconsin,
wrote March 20, 1915: "A crooked muskrat slough spoiled 20 acres
of land for me. Last fall I spent $192.50 for tile and labor and tiled
it. This spring it will be the first land I plow. Those tile are worth
a thousand dollars to me."
   What Is The Best Kind Of Tile To Use? Vitrified tile are prob-
ably the best, but they cost twice as much as the unglazed tile and
are not twice as good, except at an exposed outlet. Unglazed tile
may be made of clay or shale. The shale tile are the harder. Cement
tile properly made are all right, but farmers are so apt to be careless
in making them that it is unsafe to recommend them generally.
              DRAIN WET LAND
Because it draws out the cold stale water and lets in the
      warm fresh air.
Because it makes the roots go deeper.
Because it makes the corn rows straighter.

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