Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Scribner, Fred H.; Harris, Roy T.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 17: the winter feeding of dairy cows PDF (992.7 KB)
some possible advantages. While the herd has to be kept under artificial conditions, these are usually more likely to be under the control of the feeder than is possible at other seasons. In place of the ration prepared already for use by Nature we have to supply feeds from various sourced which will answer in its stead. We have to furnish nutrients, bulk and succulence and go about it somewhat in this way: We first consider what is available in the form of roughage, for upon the quality of this will depend the selection of the concentrates, or grains, intended to balance up the nutrients and supply them in sufficient amounts. Clover, alfalfa, or clover and One Good Ration For Dairy Cows Silage - 25-45 bs. Clover Hay 10-15 lbs. Grain Mixture Wheat Bran 30 parts Ground Oats 30 parts Corn Meal 25 parts Cotton Seed Meal 15 parts One pound of grain mixture for each 3 to 4 pounds of milk produced alfalfa hay are Dest, OUT O1 IZuLurt, mixed hay and corn stover may be fed if these are not available. Alfalfa hay, being richer in protein, is per- haps most desirable as a portion of the roughage and permits a saving in high-priced grains. The grain portion is made up of a variety of meals, chops and by-products selected according to needs of the cows and market conditions. Considerable judgment is re- quired to get best results and the feeder must know both his cows and something of the effects of the feeds to be used. For instance, corn meal is a good feed but a good dairyman would not think of feeding it alone. The same is true to an even greater extent with oil meal, cotton seed meal or other high-protein feeds, but when one of these is mixed with the heat . ~ ~ ~ -I - 3 _3 _ I a producing corn meal in OLAu -aM grains to make a mixture having about the same bulk as well- ground corn and oats equal parts, the ration is improved in balance and is in suitable form. Alfalfa or Clover Needed for Home Grown Ration. Without alfalfa or clover hay in the roughage, it is difficult to make a satisfactory and economical ration entirely from home grown material and very often the farmer can exchange some of the home grown grain for a by-product that will replace a portion of it in the ration at less cost and with actual improvement. It is not best to feed cows more than they will eat up clean but if grain is left when it would seem that no more than enough is being fed, it will be well to try to find out if any portion of the mixture is not relished and then modify the ration to suit the taste of the animals. Summer Succulence in Winter. Succulence must be fur- _a . 1
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