Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 16: the growing of dairy heifer calves PDF (1.0 MB)
amount of milk is gradually increased, pains being taken not to over- feed the calf. The pails from which it is fed are kept scrupulously clean and the milk is fed at about the temperature at which it is drawn. At about two weeks of age, after it has had its milk, the calf will begin to chew hay and a pinch of grain, if these feeds are offered in small quantities and in fresh condition. Don't Give Too Much Skim Milk-It is well to feed the calf whole milk until it is three to four weeks of age, when for a time skim milk is substituted for whole milk. By the time the calf is six weeks old it can be given from 15 to 18 pounds of milk a day, fed in two regular feeds. The allowance of grain and hay also can be gradually in- creased. If at first but the leaves of silage are placed before the calf it will soon learn to eat this excellent succulence. When Calves Are Often Neglected-The calf is often very much neglected from the time it is six until it is twelve months of age. It is best to keep and feed the calf in a clean stable during the first year of its life. In summer to protect it from the hot scalding sun it may be turned out in shady paddocks for exercise. It pays well to con- tinue feeding skim milk and from six to eight pounds of silage, good hay and grain given at regular times, night and morning. Left to rustle for themselves at this age, heifer calves often fail to grow suffi- ciently to develop into profitable cows. During the second summer the heifers can be given good pasture and water and hay, if necessary, to keep them constantly growing. The second winter they do well if fed daily eight to ten pounds of alfalfa or clover hay, 12 to 20 pounds of silage, and two to three pounds of a good grain mixture. Make the Best, Better-At the age of 16 to 20 months the well grown heifers should be bred to the best pure bred dairy sire it is possible to secure. Do not be alarmed if dairy heifers appear to be fleshy. If they have been selected from the right kind of cows and are by good dairy sires they will transfer the flesh on their backs to fat in the pail when they come into milk and the dairyman will be well repaid for all it has cost to grow and keep them in good condition. Grain Rations Calves Like-With hardly an exception, oats may well constitute the greater portion of grain. fed dairy calves. In many instances, they are fed alone, but many dairymen also feed bran, corn, barley, hominy or oil meal with the oats, making a variety of two to four kinds of feed in the mixture. A mixture by weight of 50 parts oats, 30 parts wheat bran, 10 parts corn meal and 10 parts oil meal, has been found to be satisfactory. This mixture is fed in quantities ranging from a small handful at the time the calf first receives any grain, to an amount not exceeding two and one-half to three pounds daily up to the time the heifer produces her first calf. Although many prefer the freshly ground grain the oats are generally fed. -Some Information and Suggestia-valves should be given pure fresh water daily. - They should have free access to salt at all times.
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