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Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
(1913-1919)

Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 5: dollars in dairying PDF (1.0 MB)



       DOLLARS IN DAIRYING
    A well managed dairy herd returns good profits to the owner, increases
the value of his herd and of his farm from year to year and gives pleasure
to the business.
    Knowledge, skill, and success in the dairy business are acquired by
practicing four things, namely: intelligent care, systematic feeding, selec-
                           tion of profitable cows, and breeding to get im-
Four Things Which Make provement in cows from generation to genera-
Dairying Successful.       tion.  It may be said that dollars in dairying
                           are like apples on a tree. A comparatively few
are within easy reach of all, while the greatest number requires a special
effort to secure them. In dairying the man who puts forth the most intelli-
gent effort secures the greatest reward. To become skillful and successful
in the care, feeding, selection, and breeding of dairy cows means to be
successful in the business of dairying.
    That there is a vast difference in dairy animals is shown by the record
of the annual production and returns of three classes of cows in the Uni-
versity herd, the better class of which is worthy of every effort put forth
to
excel in the dairy business.
    Class A shows the average annual production and returns for four years
                            of the best four cows of a given herd. Class
                            B shows the same data for the four poorest
Production and Returns of   cows kept for a period of four years. Class
Three Classes of Cows.      C shows the average annual production of four
                            cows which were too poor to keep in this
herd for a longer period than one year.
                                 Class A        Class B       Class C
                            Amt. Lbs. Value. Amt. Lbs. Value. Amt. Lbs. Value.
Milk, lbs . ......................... 9,984.0  7,478.0      4.929.0
Skim Milk, lbs. @ 20 ............. 7,987.0  $ 15.97  5,982.0  $ 11.96  3,944.0
 $ 7.89
Butter Fat, lbs. U 30 ............ 426.9  128.07  301.8  90.54  195.8  58.74
Total Value per Cow per year        $144.04         $102.50         $663
Feed Cost.73.40                                       60.32          47.62
Return over Feed Cost                 70.64           42.18          19.01
Cost of Purchased Feed                23.18           18.30          10.47
Return over Purchased Feed           120.86           84.20          56.16
    Feed Prices per ton-Hay $20, Silage $3.50, Soilage $3.00, Sugar Beets
$4.00, Bran $25, Oats $30, Corn $24, Oil Meal $40, Distiller's Grains $30,
Miscellaneous $30. Pasture per season $10.
    The average annual production and returns for four years of the best
four cows was $144.04 per cow and of the poorest four cows was $102.50
and of the four cows that were too poor to keep more than one year was
$66.63. Only by eliminating the poorer cows of the herd can one keep up a
high herd average. The University herd referred to, numbering about 25
cows, has for the past four years averaged over 350 pounds of butter fat
per
cow annually. There are many cows In Wisconsin represented by each of the
above classes, and it may be said with pride in our progress as a dairy state
that there are many cows better than the best cows above described.


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