Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin
Humphrey, George C.
Wisconsin bankers' farm bulletin. Bulletin no. 5: dollars in dairying PDF (1.0 MB)
DOLLARS IN DAIRYING A well managed dairy herd returns good profits to the owner, increases the value of his herd and of his farm from year to year and gives pleasure to the business. Knowledge, skill, and success in the dairy business are acquired by practicing four things, namely: intelligent care, systematic feeding, selec- tion of profitable cows, and breeding to get im- Four Things Which Make provement in cows from generation to genera- Dairying Successful. tion. It may be said that dollars in dairying are like apples on a tree. A comparatively few are within easy reach of all, while the greatest number requires a special effort to secure them. In dairying the man who puts forth the most intelli- gent effort secures the greatest reward. To become skillful and successful in the care, feeding, selection, and breeding of dairy cows means to be successful in the business of dairying. That there is a vast difference in dairy animals is shown by the record of the annual production and returns of three classes of cows in the Uni- versity herd, the better class of which is worthy of every effort put forth to excel in the dairy business. Class A shows the average annual production and returns for four years of the best four cows of a given herd. Class B shows the same data for the four poorest Production and Returns of cows kept for a period of four years. Class Three Classes of Cows. C shows the average annual production of four cows which were too poor to keep in this herd for a longer period than one year. Class A Class B Class C Amt. Lbs. Value. Amt. Lbs. Value. Amt. Lbs. Value. Milk, lbs . ......................... 9,984.0 7,478.0 4.929.0 Skim Milk, lbs. @ 20 ............. 7,987.0 $ 15.97 5,982.0 $ 11.96 3,944.0 $ 7.89 Butter Fat, lbs. U 30 ............ 426.9 128.07 301.8 90.54 195.8 58.74 Total Value per Cow per year $144.04 $102.50 $663 Feed Cost.73.40 60.32 47.62 Return over Feed Cost 70.64 42.18 19.01 Cost of Purchased Feed 23.18 18.30 10.47 Return over Purchased Feed 120.86 84.20 56.16 Feed Prices per ton-Hay $20, Silage $3.50, Soilage $3.00, Sugar Beets $4.00, Bran $25, Oats $30, Corn $24, Oil Meal $40, Distiller's Grains $30, Miscellaneous $30. Pasture per season $10. The average annual production and returns for four years of the best four cows was $144.04 per cow and of the poorest four cows was $102.50 and of the four cows that were too poor to keep more than one year was $66.63. Only by eliminating the poorer cows of the herd can one keep up a high herd average. The University herd referred to, numbering about 25 cows, has for the past four years averaged over 350 pounds of butter fat per cow annually. There are many cows In Wisconsin represented by each of the above classes, and it may be said with pride in our progress as a dairy state that there are many cows better than the best cows above described.
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