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Ingram, Orrin Henry, 1830-1918 / Autobiography, Orrin Henry Ingram : May, 1830--December, 1912

What "might have been",   pp. 52-53 PDF (437.0 KB)

In "the pool" for self-protection,   pp. 53-55 PDF (632.1 KB)

Page 53

supply of good water. The hemlock and hardwood are now
being cut and supply the territory which used to be supplied
with the pine. Most of the timber being cut now is brought
to the mills by rail, instead of driven down streams made
navigable for logs by the many dams on the 'Chippewa, Wis-
consin, and St. Croix rivers, where reservoirs were made by the
dams, and the water held back, preventing floods when the
snows were carried off with rains. Many of the dams are being
used now and water is drawn from them in seasons of low
water which supplies many of the water-powers used for elec-
trical purposes. Several of the northern counties of Wisconsin
are underlaid with iron ore which is likely to prove as valu-
able, or perhaps more valuable, than the vast amount of tim-
ber which has been removed therefrom.
   The only places on the Chippewa where logs could 'be stop-
ped in high water in the spring for the mills at Chippewa Falls
were at the dams erected before I came here. When the Miss-
issippi Logging Company was organized by the down river
lumbermen, who were cutting logs on a large scale on the head-
waters and tributaries of the Chippewa, we were helpless to
stop our logs, and it was necessary for the mills at Eau Claire
to join with the Mississippi people to organize the Chippewa
Logging Company. The expense of sorting such a large quan-
tity of logs after we got our dam and booms at Eau Claire was
so great that the only thing left for us here was to take stock
in the Chippewa Logging Company, to be part owners of the
logs that were run down the river. That left our people at
Chippewa who had no stock in the Chippewa Logging Com-
pany comparatively helpless, as they could not afford to stop
and sort the vast bodies of logs for what they could save of
their own logs, and they sold their property, which by that time
had been acquired by the Chippewa Lumber & Boom Company,
and the Chippewa Logging Company bought the mill, water-

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