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Satz, Ronald N. / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume 79, No. 1

Appendix 3C: Sketch of speech to the Indians at La Pointe by Robert Stuart, Com. September 29, 1842,   pp. 165-169 ff. PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 165


                           Appendix 3C
  Sketch of Speech to the Indians at La Pointe by Robert Stuart,
                      Comr. September 29.1842-
I am happy to shake hands with so many of my old friends, and very glad to
find
them all well- Last winter I visited your Great Father at Washington, and
talked
with him about your circumstances -he knows that you are poor, that your
lands
are not good, and that you have very little game left, to feed and clothe
your women
& children- He therefore pities your condition, and has sent me here
to see what
can be done to benefit you - some of you now get a little money, goods &
provisions - others get none at all, because the Govt: did not think your
lands
worth buying, at former Treaties- By the treaty you made with Gov: Cass at
Fond
du Lac in 1826, you granted the right to carry away any minerals which might
be
found on your lands, so that they are now no longer yours: and the whites
have
been asking your Great Father to give them permission to take away all they
can
find - but your Great Father wishes first to make a new treaty, and pay you
well
for these lands and minerals; he knows you are poor and needy, and that you
could
be made comfortable by getting a little money, Goods, provisions, & tobacco-
also farmers to shew you how to cultivate the earth -carpenters to aid you
to
build your houses; and some more blacksmiths, to mend your Guns, Traps, Axes,
& other things you need - and something for schools, that your {0061}
children
may be taught to read and write, like the whites -I understand that you have
been displeased about your present Blacksmiths and farmers, but if any thing
has
been wrong, and that you will let me know it, I will write to your Great
Father,
and he will be glad to try and put all right, so that hereafter they may
be valuable
to you. From what I learn, I fear that you do not esteem your teachers &
schools
as you should -some of you seem to think that you may always live as you
have
done heretofore; but do you not see that the Great Spirit is changing things
all
around you -Formerly all the country down to Washington, and the Great Salt
Lake, was owned and inhabited by the Red men- But now the whites fill that
whole country, they are numerous as the pigeons in the Spring, this all of
you who
have been at Washington know: whereas many of the poor Indians have died
of
poverty and drinking whiskey, and others have been sent west of the Mississippi,
to make room for the whites- The reason of this is not that the Great Spirit
loves
the whites more the he does the Indians: but that the whites have listened
to their
religious teachers & sent their children to school, so that they learned
a great deal
more than the Indians, and have become wise and rich, while the Indians remain
ignorant and poor. If you will give education to your children they will
by & by
become wise, rich & comfortable as the whites- I hope you will open your
ears
and hearts to receive this advice, and that you may soon receive great light-
But
I am afraid for you; I see very few go to hear religious {0062} instruction
from the
Missionaries, altho' they are preaching every evening in the church, and
very
anxious that you should learn to become wise, from the good Book of the Great
Spirit -If you do this, you shall live happy and have no quarrels among yourselves,
as at present, nor with the whites - you would commit no depredations, nor
have
165


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