Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Goff, M. B.
Marketing of Wisconsin apples, pp. 81-92 PDF (3.1 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY vegetative growth. It has been found by Roberts" that the fruit- ing habit of cherry trees is directly related to the amount of annual growth made the previous season. If the annual growth is short, that is,.under 6 inches, the lateral buds will be mostly blossom buds, and a lateral fruiting system results since there are few leaf buds to make spurs. On the other hand, if the annual growth is long, that is, over 12-14 inches, the lateral buds will be mostly leaf buds with a consequent spur fruiting system. The variety modifies the above figures slightly, since the Montmorency is found to have more leaf buds per given length of growth than the Early Richmond variety. The season, age of tree and part of tree are also considered as factors affecting the ratio between length of growth and blossom bud formation. The spur fruiting system is recommended by Roberts as the better fruiting system, because of the greater hardiness of spur buds, and the possibility of production for more than one season on the same spur. FRUITING HABIT OF PLUMS European and American plums produce blossom buds laterally on one-year wood, and on spurs borne on two-year wood. The lateral blossom buds occur either singly with a leaf bud or in a group with one leaf bud between two or more blossom buds. The spur blossom buds are formed laterally along a short spur. The spur has no true terminal bud, but sometimes the "end bud" of the spur continues in vegetative growth. If no vegetative growth is made the spur dies after fruiting and becomes a short stiff spine. Japanese varieties of plums produce blossom buds largely as lateral buds. MARKETING OF WISCONSIN APPLES M. B. GOFF, Sturgeon Bay. I have no idea of discussing this question entirely as related to the technique of marketing methods. The past reports of the Society show able discussion of many of the factors of handling 1Roberts. R. H.-"Prune the Cherry Tree.' Wis. Agr. Exp. St&. Bul- letin 298, 1918. 6 81
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