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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Brand, A. M.
The modern peony,   pp. 107-122 PDF (3.9 MB)

Page 107

Rose Polyantha nana or multiflora can be grown from seed
and if sown in early spring will be in blossom in June or July.
They are perfectly hardy and when they get to be two or three
years old they make good sized bushes a foot high and are liter-
ally covered with tiny single and semi-double blooms.
There are many other roses that, would time and space permit,
are as worthy as those that have been mentioned, but if the
efforts expended on this paper induce anyone to seek for more
knowledge on this interesting subject, this paper will have at-
tained its object.
A. M. BRAND, Faribault, Minnesota.
The modern peony, such as we have it today, in all of its
beauty of form, color combination, and fragrance, is the result
of the patient labors of a small band of some twenty or thirty
enthusiastic men and women, mainly of France, America, and
England, through the course of the last 125 years.
Peony Albiflora, or peony Chinensis as it is sometimes called,
is a native of Siberia and is found growing where the temper-
ature often drops 60 below zero in the winter. In its wild state
it is single and semi-double and, as its name would imply, is
generally white. But Professor Hanson tells us that in his trav-
els along the upper courses of the Amoor River he found it also
in the different shades of pink and red.
The flower found its way into China in very early times, prob-
ably as early as the time of Christ, for by the fifth century A. D.
we find it spread over that great empire and over Japan. Both
the Chinese and Japanese are flower loving people. Their nur-
serymen are ingenius and painstaking to a marked degree. They
found the peony with its different colors, its abundance of seed,
and its tendency to throw sprouts an easy plant to work with and
by the year 600 they are said to have had hundreds of varieties
in singles, semi-doubles, and doubles. And the interest in the
flower even at that remote period was such that they had peony
societies and kept records of their varieties.

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