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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society. Proceedings, essays and reports at the annual winter meetings, held at Madison, Feb. 1, 2 and 3, 1870 and Feb. 7, 8 and 9, 1871
(1871 [covers 1870/1871])

Gould, Mr.
Crabs for stocks,   pp. 35-36 PDF (431.1 KB)


Page 35


TRANSACTIONS FOR 1870.
Who can estimate the commercial value of the Wilson strawberry and the other
hardy small fruits to the nation; or of the May cherry and Miner plum to
the west?
And yet all these are still meeting the opposition of horticulturists who
cannot see
beyond the bounds of their own state or section.
It is safe to say that the new Siberian apples, brought to notice within
the last few
years, form a far richer and more important addition to the pomology of the
country
than any one or all of the above fruits combined. The extent of territory
in which
this species must ultimately be alone relied upon for a supply of home-grown
fruit,
is immense in area. The social consequences of such a supply are not to be
com-
puted in dollars and cents. No true pornologist will for a moment calculate
the
problem of keeping open this vast region as " the natural market for
the finer fruits
grown further south," by discouraging the introduction of " Siberian
crab apples
and other coarse fruits " into that section. With our wide domain and
varied cli-
mate, subject to changes which sometimes destroy our most luscious and long
tried
fruits, we cannot afford to dispense with a single variety, much less whole
species,
which promise a permanent supply of hardier and perhaps ultimately equally
valua-
ble fruits. The Siberian species of the apple offers to us, as horticulturists,
a rare
opportunity to test the capacities of our soil, climate, Yankee genius and
generous
hearts, in multiplying and extending to every portion of our country the
rich potno-
nal gifts that nature has placed in our hands to cultivate and improve.
At the close of the reading of this paper,
Mr. TUTTLE remarked that the crab could be hybridized with the Russian and
other apples, and there might be good results therefrom.
Mr. STICKNEY thinks that we have about enough crabs; let them be only the
six
lower rounds of the ladder; but we should look for better fiuits, such as
the Duchess
and others like it in hardiness. Others fully concurred in this caution.
This subject was extended to considerable length.
CRABS FOR STOCKS.
Mr. GouLD of Beaver Dam, offered the following, which led
to much discussion:
" Aesolved, That the adoption of the cultivated (Siberian) crab as a
seedling stock,
upon which to graft and bud our apples, is a step in the right direction."
Mr. PLUMB said that he had no doubt but the spirit of the resolution was
au right;
but he doubted if it would bear the test of experience and trial. If the
intent be
to propagate the crabs, then the resolution was proper; but if to work other
trees on
it, it was all wrong. Some apples, like the Bellfleur, would be a total failure,
if at-
tempted to be worked on the crab; the two would not unite perfectly.
Mr. GOULD-My experience has been with root-grafting on the seedling crabs,
and in that I have been successful He had suffered by root-killing, losing
thou-
sands of dollars. The tops were hardy, and appeared to come through the winter
all right; but on being dug up, every root of the stock was dead, and he
had lost
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