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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / The Wisconsin horticulturist
Vol. III, No. 9 (November 1898)

Blackberries--how to grow them successfully and market them profitably,   pp. 24-25 PDF (481.2 KB)

Page 24

In dealing with the above subject I shall confine my re-
marks strictly to facts based upon actual personal experience.
Like all other small fruits, the cultivation of the blackberry
depends first upon the character and preparation of the soil,
and, second, upon its subsequent treatment.
The soil should be plowed deep, subsoiled, and thorough-
ly prepared; but unlike the raspberry, it does best on rather
light soil, and in sunny exposures. Moist heavy land in
which the raspberry luxuriates produces a rank growth of
canes, that the fall of the year finds green, immature and
subject to winter kill.  Moderately fertile, warm, well
drained (but not dry) land is the best. The blackberry for
best results does not require the fertility that the raspberry
does. Its inclination is to grow too rank, at best, and its
needs are mellowness, rather than richness of soil, there-
fore extra care should be taken in the preparation of the
soil, by deep plowing and thoroughly loosening the subsoil.
PLANTING:-The blackberry, like the raspberry plant,
should always be set while in a dormant condition. The
ground should be furrowed out five or six inches deep and
eight feet apart. Set the plants three feet apart with the
horizontal root lengthwise with the furrow; cover up the
furrow level with the surface. If the ground is very poor
scatter along the furrows before planting a liberal amount
of muck or well rotted manure.
CULTIVATION:-Success with the blackberry depends a
great deal more upon proper management than culture. All
the cultivation necessary is to keep them clean by frequent
stirring of the soil with cultivator and hoe. They should
be cultivated shallow at all times. More good can be ac-
complished at the proper time, in pruning, with the thumb
and finger, than with all the modern pruning implements
ever invented. When the young shoots get to be from three

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