Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture. A report of the twelfth annual closing Farmers' Institute held at Janesville, March 8, 9, and 10, 1898
Bulletin No. 12 (1898)
Henry, W. A.
The agricultural department of the University of Wisconsin, pp. 136-141 PDF (1.5 MB)
Fo-- B WISCONSIN PARMRS' INSTITUTE "JU M LAXev aUew Lneir refusal To pay their just share of the expenses of maintaining the government, I am forced to believe that their action is not due in the first instance so much to dishonesty, but rather to the fact that they recognize the Inequalities of our system of taxation, and that each one of them feels that if he will dis- close his securities for assessment he will have to pay more than his just share because the other fellows will not disclose theirs. You see this comes back after all to a question of individual responsibility. I can not hope that all of these men who are now evading taxes will come at once to a sense of their duty as citizens and professedly honest men, and will tell the assessor what they have this year; but if each one of us will do that, something will be gained in the interest of tax reform and every step gained will make the next step easier. I am convinced that the responsibili- ties of citizenship are not studied care- fully enough. I hope that out of these Farmers' Institutes and the general system of farm education, will come to the farmers a keener and juster sense of their duties as citizens; and from the farming element will come the reform movement which will stir every man to a desire to perform his whole duty as a citizen, and bear cheerfully the financial as well as the political burdens of citizenship. THE AGRICULTURAL DEPARTNENT OF THE ITNIVER- SITY OF WISCONSIN. W. A. HEiNRY, Dean College of Agriculture, Madilon, Wis. ,L iS sometimes well, in these mat- ter of fact times to go back to the foundation of things, in order to have a proper conception of the causes for what may now be taking place. It is eminently proper that Wisconsin farmers should have a clear under- standing of how our agricultural col- lege originated, who were its found- ers and what is its purpose. "The Morrill Bill." A bill was introduced into our Na- tional Congress in 1858 by Representa- tive Justin F. Morrill, of Vermont, now the senior senator of the upper house. Passing both bodies by a good majority the bill was vetoed by James Buchanan. A careful reading of his objections shows no good reason for his action. On April 30, 1858, Repre- sentative Morrill delivered an address before the house of representatives, which is a classic of Its kind, and which has been unequalled as a plea for the education of the children of the industrial class of our country, especially farmers' sons. In this ad- dress he points out how agriculture is the base of national prosperity. He quotes Adam Smith as saying "That which arises from the more solid im- portance of agriculture is much more durable and cannot be destroyed but by those more violent convulsions oc- casioned by the depredations of hos- tile and barbarous nations continued for a century or two together." He shows that "National wealth is greatly increased or diminished by the more or less skill, dexterity and judgment with which labor is gen- erally applied." Congressman Mor- rill pointed out that European nstious 136 ,I-- - - - - - -_ - - . . .
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