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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture. A report of the twelfth annual closing Farmers' Institute held at Janesville, March 8, 9, and 10, 1898
Bulletin No. 12 (1898)

Henry, W. A.
The agricultural department of the University of Wisconsin,   pp. 136-141 PDF (1.5 MB)

Page 136

Fo-- B
"JU M LAXev aUew Lneir refusal To pay
their just share of the expenses of
maintaining the government, I am
forced to believe that their action is
not due in the first instance so much
to dishonesty, but rather to the fact
that they recognize the Inequalities of
our system of taxation, and that each
one of them feels that if he will dis-
close his securities for assessment he
will have to pay more than his just
share because the other fellows will
not disclose theirs. You see this
comes back after all to a question of
individual responsibility. I can not
hope that all of these men who are
now evading taxes will come at once
to a sense of their duty as citizens
and professedly honest men, and will
tell the assessor what they have this
year; but if each one of us will do
that, something will be gained in the
interest of tax reform and every step
gained will make the next step easier.
I am convinced that the responsibili-
ties of citizenship are not studied care-
fully enough. I hope that out of these
Farmers' Institutes and the general
system of farm education, will come
to the farmers a keener and juster
sense of their duties as citizens; and
from the farming element will come
the reform movement which will stir
every man to a desire to perform his
whole duty as a citizen, and bear
cheerfully the financial as well as the
political burdens of citizenship.
W. A. HEiNRY, Dean College of Agriculture, Madilon, Wis.
,L iS sometimes well, in these mat-
ter of fact times to go back to the
foundation of things, in order to have
a proper conception of the causes
for what may now be taking place.
It is eminently proper that Wisconsin
farmers should have a clear under-
standing of how our agricultural col-
lege originated, who were its found-
ers and what is its purpose.
"The Morrill Bill."
A bill was introduced into our Na-
tional Congress in 1858 by Representa-
tive Justin F. Morrill, of Vermont,
now the senior senator of the upper
house. Passing both bodies by a good
majority the bill was vetoed by James
Buchanan. A careful reading of his
objections shows no good reason for
his action. On April 30, 1858, Repre-
sentative Morrill delivered an address
before the house of representatives,
which is a classic of Its kind, and
which has been unequalled as a plea
for the education of the children of
the industrial class of our country,
especially farmers' sons. In this ad-
dress he points out how agriculture is
the base of national prosperity. He
quotes Adam Smith as saying "That
which arises from the more solid im-
portance of agriculture is much more
durable and cannot be destroyed but
by those more violent convulsions oc-
casioned by the depredations of hos-
tile and barbarous nations continued
for a century or two together." He
shows that    "National wealth  is
greatly increased or diminished by
the more or less skill, dexterity and
judgment with which labor is gen-
erally applied." Congressman Mor-
rill pointed out that European nstious
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