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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing,   pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 43


APPLE GlROWING.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
The Institute met at 1:30 P. M. H. A. Briggs in the chair.
APPLEIGROWING.
Prof. 1. W. TAYLWO, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
Mr. Chairman-It seems to me in
beginning a talk about apples and ap-
ple trees that there are a few ques-
toss upon which some Of us have
wrong ideas, and that it would be
weln to go back a little further than
we usaly do to find out just why we
run to certain classe or varieties
that have been introduced through
certain methods being used rather
than others I have some ideas of
my own upon this subject which I
shall present to you as my own Ideas,
not as necessarily being right, but
simply as drawn from my own obser-
servation.
A Dearth of Apples-The Cause.
It seems to me that all over this
great cestral, north central, and
western part of the United Sates we
ought to grow bushels of apples,
where we noW grow single ones, and
the reason, which Is not a sucetenit
one, but which is perhaps at the bot-
tom of the whole question more than
any other, Is that during a certaih
period of years, some dozen or fteer
years ago, there followed two or three
seasons, one alter another, which re
suited in the death of a large part 0'
the orchards of the country, the In
dividual trees suffering from varou
conditions which surrounded them a
that time. There tollowed thi
series of years, another series, durinm
which all sorts of trees were planted
which were recommended for thel
extreme hardiness as having orig
naiad in countries swhere they groe
tron-lads; and s that brings m
round to begin with the question a
-             -P,. # Of-varieM  nf apples:
Lae ypusuuw vz --.-
that Is, as to where the varieties
come from that we are most likely to
find of value 'through all this section
of the country.
An Indigenous Pruit.
To take up the history of the apple,
which is the most commonly growlr
over a wide territory and which may
be kept during practically the entire
year which is true of scarcely any
other fruit, this history has been
something like this, as near as we are
able to tell: From some Wild form,
which no botanist has been able to
certainly tell us, there have come the
present sorts that we have. In each
country into which you may travel
you will ftid a different assortment
of apples; you find, In fact, those di-
visions which always go back of
varieties, and there have often been
ideas advanced that from certain sec-
tions there  could be transferred
varieties which have grown up there
and which might be taken long dis-
tances to some other section and
there find a home which In every
way would be suited to them. The
fact Is, as far as my observation has
gone, that into whatever country you
go, you find that the apples grown
there have   originated  practically
where they are now grown. This is
not strictly true enough so that It
may be said to be a fact which  Is
never other than true, but in a gen-
eral sense the apples grown In any
neighborhood are those which  have
originated not ftr from the neighbor-
A.
42


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