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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

McKerrow, Geo.
Economical feeding,   pp. 177-185 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page 177


'  ECONOXICAL   FEDING.                    177
ECONOXICAL FEEDING.
Supt GZO. XcBE3 OW, Xadison, Wis.
For a few minutes I will talk to state, were very low in the market,
you along this line of economical feed- started out to experiment with a
view
ing, and I believe there is no subject of determining what would be the
of more importance to the Wisconsin returns by the use of the dairy cow as
farmer. We have different and vari- a market for wheat and prairie hay.
ous ideas about what economical feed- No consideration was given to the la-
ing means. We work all through the bor involved. It was simply a ques-
long summer season to grow crops to tion of the farmer marketing his
put upon the market when they are crops to his cows, the labor involved
grown, and we look around us to see probably being greater than that of
where we can sell them to the best hauling to the station in some cases,
advantage; we study the market re- and in some cases less, because sta-
ports and come to a conclusion in re- tions are far apart in some places
in
gard to the best time and place for Minnesota; but labor not being con-
selling them. If we live an equal dis- sidered, they found that a certain
cow
tance between two selling points we in the herd returned 83 cents a bushel
are very apt to try both as to market for wheat and $8.26 a ton for prairie
conditions. If we have a crop of oats' hay. This certainly was a very good
to sell and at one of the elevators market for any Minnesota farmer
they are giving a cent per bushel when wheat was worth 45 cents A
more than at the other, the roads and bushel and prairie hay only worth
other things being equal, we sell in  2.50.  Other cows returned more
the market that will give us the high- than this cow, 90 cents a bushel for
est price, be it only one cent a bushel. wheat, $1, $1.1o, and so on, but
the
beat cow in the herd returned $L.5
The Beat Feed XarkeL        for wheat and $15.76 a ton for prairie
We feed stock through the winter hay. Now, while these were both good
season and that stock presents to us cows, you see that one of them nearly
a market for our product, a better doubled the market price of wheat
market than the market at the eleva- and prairie hay over the other. This
tor, because when we feed stock we is one point that I wish to call your
sen economically, we get the market attention to, the particular animals
price for the product and then have that you feed.
left with us upon the farm, from sev-  o  for Xsinten5ee and Gain.
enty-five to ninety-two per cent. of
the value of this product in the form  To illustrate again: In my boy-
of fertilizers to put upon our fields, hood days I remember one particular
and to maintain the fertility of our winter when we had a number of
farnm  But when we feed stock I am  shoots that weighed in the neighbor-
ready to say that we get a greater dif- hood of 200 pounds in the fall of
the
ference in the price than we get be- year and ought to have gone to mar-
tween meing to two different buyers. ket, but in those days we thought
To illustrate: The Minnesota Experi- that a hog was not fit for market un-
ment Station some two years ago, til he weighed 500 pounds; therefore
when wheat and prairie hay, two of we would winter them and summer
the principal commodities of the them again and feed them    anotlh
12
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