Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Marketing the horse, pp. 169-176 PDF (2.2 MB)
MARKETING TEE HORSE. NARKETING THE HORSE ATEy. GALJRR..IT M, Janesville, Wis. rhis is a very important subject and there never was a time when it was so important as right now; but before we can have the horse ready for mar- ket we must produce him. I will therefore go back to the young colt and follow the subject along until he gets old enough to be ready for mar- ket. The breeder ought to have a certain and distinct type of horse in mind before starting to breed, and his con- stant aim should be to produce only the very best of its kind. Unless his aim and ambition be high the prob- ability is that he will never produce anything valuable. He should select the breed or breeds that he thinks are best adapted to his conditions and cir- cumstances, and that when raised and marketed will net him the most money. Assuming that he decides to raise draft horses-and they are much the safest for the average farmer-he ought to aim at producing horses that will weigh at maturity not less than 1600 to 1700 pounds. At present the market value between a draft horse of 1500 pounds and one of 1700 pounds, other things equal, is some- thing like 50 per cent., and the farmer is surely entitled to the maximum price. But size, of course, is not everything. The horse must be pro- portionately made; he must be of the best quality and stamina, sound, have good legs and feet, good disposition and good walking and trotting ac- tion. Necessity of Good Parentage. The history of our country and of all countries shows that our greatest men have been the sons of good mothers, and I have never known an animal of outslanding merit, either in this country or Europe, but what had a good mother. For this reason I would impress upon the farmers of this state the great necessity of hav- ing good mares to breed from, as you might just as reasonably expect to raise grapes from Canada thistles as to raise good stock from inferior par- ents. A great deal of the depression and stagnation in the horse market the last few years was directly caused by a system of breeding that did not sulticiently recognize the law of na- ture that "like produces like." Indis- criminate breeding from inferior, un- sound, or unsuitable parents has done great injury in the past and will con- tinue to do so wherever and whenever practiced. And chief among those evils is the production of that nonde- script animal frequently got by vio- lent crossing. Very light mares ought not to be crossed with very heavy stallions, nor vice versa. It is unnatural and unprofitable. Select the best types of brood mares avail- able, then mate them according to your judgment with the best and only the best pure bred stallions you can find of the breed you like best or is best suited to the purpose. If you raise draft horses see that they are so, inot in name onlv_ but in reality, and give this department of the farming operations your most intelligent and unwearying attention. No other de- partment will, over a period of years, yield more pleasure or a better profit if judiciously managed. The Brood Xlare and Colt. It is generally admitted that the young colts in this state, as in other states, do not receive anything like the care they ought to get during the first year of their existence. The cus- 16I -? 1 L __- __ 7777771''7 " ' '1 , - '
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