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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Galbraith, Alex.
Marketing the horse,   pp. 169-176 PDF (2.2 MB)


Page 169


MARKETING TEE HORSE.
NARKETING THE HORSE
ATEy. GALJRR..IT M, Janesville, Wis.
rhis is a very important subject and
there never was a time when it was
so important as right now; but before
we can have the horse ready for mar-
ket we must produce him. I will
therefore go back to the young colt
and follow the subject along until he
gets old enough to be ready for mar-
ket.
The breeder ought to have a certain
and distinct type of horse in mind
before starting to breed, and his con-
stant aim should be to produce only
the very best of its kind. Unless his
aim and ambition be high the prob-
ability is that he will never produce
anything valuable. He should select
the breed or breeds that he thinks are
best adapted to his conditions and cir-
cumstances, and that when raised
and marketed will net him the most
money. Assuming that he decides to
raise draft horses-and they are much
the safest for the average farmer-he
ought to aim at producing horses that
will weigh at maturity not less than
1600 to 1700 pounds. At present the
market value between a draft horse
of 1500 pounds and one of 1700
pounds, other things equal, is some-
thing like 50 per cent., and the farmer
is surely entitled to the maximum
price. But size, of course, is not
everything. The horse must be pro-
portionately made; he must be of the
best quality and stamina, sound, have
good legs and feet, good disposition
and good walking and trotting ac-
tion.
Necessity of Good Parentage.
The history of our country and of
all countries shows that our greatest
men have been the sons of good
mothers, and I have never known an
animal of outslanding merit, either in
this country or Europe, but what had
a good mother. For this reason I
would impress upon the farmers of
this state the great necessity of hav-
ing good mares to breed from, as you
might just as reasonably expect to
raise grapes from Canada thistles as
to raise good stock from inferior par-
ents. A great deal of the depression
and stagnation in the horse market
the last few years was directly caused
by a system of breeding that did not
sulticiently recognize the law of na-
ture that "like produces like." Indis-
criminate breeding from inferior, un-
sound, or unsuitable parents has done
great injury in the past and will con-
tinue to do so wherever and whenever
practiced. And chief among those
evils is the production of that nonde-
script animal frequently got by vio-
lent  crossing.  Very light mares
ought not to be crossed with very
heavy stallions, nor vice versa. It is
unnatural and unprofitable.  Select
the best types of brood mares avail-
able, then mate them according to
your judgment with the best and only
the best pure bred stallions you can
find of the breed you like best or is
best suited to the purpose. If you
raise draft horses see that they are so,
inot in name onlv_ but in reality, and
give this department of the farming
operations your most intelligent and
unwearying attention. No other de-
partment will, over a period of years,
yield more pleasure or a better profit
if judiciously managed.
The Brood Xlare and Colt.
It is generally admitted that the
young colts in this state, as in other
states, do not receive anything like
the care they ought to get during the
first year of their existence. The cus-
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